The expert spoke about the rules OLAY skin care in cold weather
 Being beautiful and young, regardless of the time of year - the goal of every woman. Not an easy task in our harsh climatic conditions! To solve it, you need to know a lot of nuances and "winter" know-how. On the most pressing questions are answered by the doctor cosmetologist dermatologist, MD, Ph.D., professor, expert OLAY - Olga Zabnenkova.

It is believed that the winter extremely negative effect on the skin. But maybe there's a cold and some pros?

Dosed and controlled cold has long been used in cosmetics and dermatology solutions for various problems. There is a whole new trend - cryotherapy, based precisely on the treatment of cold - or rather, with liquid nitrogen. This is perhaps the most effective means for the treatment of scars, getting rid of skin lesions, improve skin tone. Cryotherapy is used to solve problems with hair and even obesity. But again, it comes to dosage and indicated for the cold.
Uncontrolled hypothermia (and with it we face, jumping out into the cold) is fraught with spasm of the capillaries and, as a result, oxygen starvation. The consequences are known to all: the deterioration of color face, the stress for the skin, premature aging.

I want to especially emphasize that even more negative factors than the lowest temperature is high humidity and wind. It is the combination of these two components can result in frostbite - that is, cell death, even at very small "minus". Intrigue is that frostbite can occur unnoticed, but the full overcome its effects can take 5-7 years.

We almost always remember the cold, but we forget about such adverse factors as changes in temperature and dry indoors. How do they get any skin?

When we come in from the cold to a warm, blood vessels expand dramatically, in some cases, it can lead to diseases of the vascular walls, or, as they say, to create the effect of "closely spaced vessels" that will remind of itself a manifestation of the capillary pattern. Fortunately, the high-rise buildings the transition from cold to warm comes gradually. The main enemy of the skin in the winter the room is not so much the heat as dry. The air-conditioned room and a room with central heating, the moisture from the skin evaporates very active. The body is simply not enough resources to restore the natural water balance. If you do not intervene in this process, it is fraught with all the same premature aging.

How to fight it? The best way - to carry a spray with thermal water from time to time to refresh the face. Thermal spray does not damage the makeup, so you can use it as soon as you feel discomfort. But, of course, do not need to spray to spray if you are soon going to come out.

  What are the main changes occur to the skin during the cold season? How much they depend on the type of skin and its sensitivity?

First and foremost, the change - in the whole organism and in particular in the skin, the metabolism slows down. This is due not so much to frost, but with the seasonal variation in metabolism (what most of us in the winter recovering slightly, due to the same cause). The skin recovers a little slower than we are used to. A combination of unfavorable external conditions, which we have already mentioned, the negative effect is obvious.

It is believed that during the cold oily skin feels better because it reduces the release of subcutaneous fat. This is not entirely true. Just fat becomes more viscous and less intensively distinguished from the pores. And then oily skin there is another problem - more prone to clogging the pores.

In general, any type of the skin becomes more sensitive, irritable dehydrated. You can often hear the words: "I'm allergic to the cold." It does exist, but it is a rare disease characterized by the fact that at every contact with the cold air on the skin appear itchy "blisters. If we are talking about the redness, itching, and so on, it is likely a signal that you have not picked up the best care for your skin.

  Please list the main misconceptions about winter skin care.

Here are the most common.

1. "In the winter should not be applied moisturizers, as" frozen water " . Water can freeze cream - because of the body temperature of - 36 to 6, and in addition, the present creams salts which prevent freezing of water. Moisturize the skin in the winter must! There are a number of "winter" of moisturizers. But they are - a little later.

2. "The rich cream in the winter, the better."   This is only true for very thin and dry skin. If you follow the advice of the owner of such a combination or oily skin, it will create additional problems in itself a violation of the blockage of pores and fat balance.

3. "In the winter UV-factor is not necessary."   This is not true. The fact that the filter is needed for protection against the two types of beams - A and B rays, indeed, are more dangerous summer, winter, they do not reach the ground. But the rays and the clouds - not a hindrance. And this type of beams is responsible for the underlying processes "photoaging." The sun protection factor with a high degree - SPF-15 in every modern cream. It provides more than adequate protection from solar activity in our latitudes.

4. "The main thing - to protect the face."   Hands demand no less, and perhaps even more care in winter. They are more vulnerable, more they give their age and aging practically irreversible.

  What are the basic principles of winter skin care? Which means you need to use, and what better time to eliminate?

  Firstly, mandatory hydration! Prefer moisturizers containing vitamin E and panthenol (provitamin B5). They actively restore the structure of the stratum corneum. In severe frosts better to apply a moisturizer at night when you do not plan to go out.

Secondly, you should change the concept of purification. In winter, better to abandon the gels for washing and, especially, soaps. Dry skin is especially suitable cleansing milk. Well there are also special wipes and alcohol-free lotion.

Avoid scrubs - are fraught with micro-scratches and make the skin more sensitive and irritable. They successfully replace more sparing gommazhi. For the same reason, winter should not be grinding the face, resort to chemical peeling salon - removing the upper layers of the epidermis, you are depriving yourself of extra protection.

At home cleansing do not try to achieve the effect of "creaking". We do not porcelain plates! If after cleansing you have no feeling of tightness of the skin - you did everything right.
And the last - choosing the cream, do not chase the exotic ingredients. Quality winter cream must meet three conditions: to provide hydration, protection and food - that is, contain the necessary minerals and vitamins.

Author: Anna Shustrova