"Viator friend, plantain, modest, nondescript flower" (Vsevolod Rozhdestvensky).
"Follow the white man" plantain called the North American Indians, because, until the colonizers, is a plant in North America is not growing. Its seeds, along with settlers from Europe arrived on the shoes of people, therefore, on presentation of the Indians - where the white man has passed, grew plantain.
And since the conquerors brought the Indians a lot of grief, they hated plantain and became his curse. But soon the natives realized that the plant is in no way to blame. And they noticed that the plantain rescue from deadly viper bite.
We, of course, the same shall not curse the plantain, and we use it for health and beauty.
Probably many a child fell, smashed knees and bought all kinds of bumps and bruises. Grandma tore plantain and treated grandchildren fidgets, attach a sheet to the sore spot. Someone had rubbed his leg as an adult zapoluchal or scratch from a cat. Again I rescued plantain leaf. However, before you make it, the sheet need to mash until juice.
In fact, there are many species of plantain, but is most common Waybread.
The people call it priputnik, Ranniko, poreznik, boils grass ...
Plantago major L
- Biennial herbaceous plant of the family plantaginaceae.
In short plantain rhizome with thin braid roots.
Broadly leaves with long petioles collected in the rosette. They see the arcuate veins.
Small, grayish-pink or light brown flowers are arranged on a long stalk and form a cylindrical inflorescence - spike. Blossoms plantain from spring to fall.
Fruit - polyspermous box with lots of seeds ripen in July - August until frost.
In order to use medicinal leaves and seeds of plantain, in cosmetology and cooking the leaves.
The best collection of leaves is considered to be collected during the flowering plants.
The leaves contain:
vitamins - A, K, C, choline, polysaccharides, mucilage, glycosides, flavonoids, tannins, bitter, saponins, volatile, mineral salt.
The seeds contain:
vitamins - A, C, fatty oils, mucilages, saponins, various acids, alkaloids, slime, essential oils, tannins.
Many traditional healers are called plantain vitamin bomb and recommend to eat.
Plantain has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, wound healing, expectorant properties.
When inflammation of the gums, they smeared the juice of plantain. Healing occurs quickly.
It is useful as well to rinse your teeth infusion of its leaves.
Plantain helps digestion, is used for diarrhea, lowers blood pressure slightly, calms the nerves.
Preparations from it is prescribed for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, chronic gastritis with low acidity, chronic colitis, cancer of stomach and intestines, gallbladder disease, chronic cholecystitis, atherosclerosis, nephritis and dysentery.
The seeds of the plantain is used for constipation relief of chronic inflammation of the colon.
You can not be treated plantain with gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer with high acidity of gastric juice.
Due to high content of vitamins and other substances, plantain has a rejuvenating effect on the skin.
He not only heals microscopic lesions, but also smoothes wrinkles, making the skin soft and smooth.
For cosmetic purposes using fresh plantain leaves.
Moisturizing the skin
2 tbsp. tablespoons minced fresh plantain pour 1 cup of boiled water, half an hour, drain, add 1 teaspoon of honey, liquid soak a piece of terry cloth and apply on face for half an hour. As dry, wet the cloth again.
After the procedure, wash with cool water.
For dry skin
1 tbsp. a spoonful of fresh juice of plantain mixed with 1 teaspoon of olive oil. Apply on the face with a brush or cotton wool. Wash off after 15-20 minutes, slightly warm water, wash with cool.
To align the skin and finds the matte color
Mix 1 teaspoon of plantain juice and 2 teaspoons of boiled water at room temperature, top up as potato starch, turned to mush. Apply on face for 20 minutes. Rinse with water at room temperature.
For rinsing the hair
2 tbsp. spoons of crushed plantain pour half a liter of boiled water, half an hour, strain and rinse hair.
To skin the body began to resemble satin, 2 cups of infusion of plantain is added to the bath when bathing.
In spring and summer legs get tired, swollen, and cracks appear fray. They will receive medical treatment is the same plantain.
2-3 tbsp. spoons of crushed plantain leaves Pour 1 liter of boiling water, leave for 40-50 minutes, make infusion foot bath. Legs are kept in the infusion for 20-25 minutes.
For corns and abrasions impose crushed plantain leaves overnight. Top tied cloth.