Not so long ago on the mat in our country few knew. Now, anyone can buy a calabash and straw-fish is ... Some scientists believe that it is the oldest mate drink on earth.
In written sources mention that the Indians used the yerba mate in VII century BC The Indians believed that the material is of divine origin and that it gave to their ancestors skinned and blue-eyed god Viracocha who came down to admire their creations.
In the forest lived a poor man's hut with his beautiful granddaughter, and God turned the girl in the wonderful plant, making it the property of the Indian people.
Mate - is not just a thirst-quenching tea and relieve fatigue, it is recognized as one of the best natural stimulant, it relieves many ailments, banishes sorrow and prolongs life.
Europeans first introduced to the mat after the conquest of the Spanish conquistadors in South America. Spanish sailors appreciated property to deal with scurvy mate. They brought him to Europe, and the world became acquainted with a mate.
From approximately the 1620s the plant and the drink was quite well known in Europe, in 1822 it described the French naturalist and botanist August de Saint Hileyr (Auguste de Saint Hilaire), during the investigation of a large thicket Illex Paraguariensis Basin Parana .
In the XIX century on the mat we paid more attention to scientists and had a number of serious experiments to influence the use of the mat on the human body. The results showed that the material has healing properties.
Yerba mate Illex paraguariensis
- Branched shrub or small tree up to 15 meters in height.
Leaves up to 6-8 cm, wedge-shaped, oval, leathery, glossy, serrated.
Small bunches of white flowers arranged in the leaf axils. Blossoming season lasts from October to December.
Fruits like transverse berries reddish oval or elliptical shape with a pointed tip.
He lives only 50 years old tree.
Cultivated shrubs trimmed, forming a crown, and do not allow it to grow more than 2 meters.
Tea made from the mat has a barely perceptible bitter taste with a slight sweet aftertaste.
The beverage mat contains vitamins - A, B, E, F, theobromine, theophylline, resins, riboflavin, niacin, and pantothenic acid, biotin, hydrochloric acid, chlorophyll, sleek and matein, vegetable oils, fruit sugar, trace elements - sulfur copper, chlorine, magnesium, potassium, manganese, sodium, iron and phosphorus.
Vitamins and trace elements in the mat than in green tea.
Mate has a tonic, antipyretic, astringent, diuretic properties.
Drink improves the gastrointestinal tract, liver, kidneys, purifies the blood, dilates blood vessels, lowers blood cholesterol, removes the effects of overeating and stress.
Mate is recommended for those who want to lose weight, because the sensation of hunger and at the same time, increases efficiency.
It is irreplaceable for those engaged in intellectual work, as it increases concentration and improves memory.
It is said that if you drink mate to 7 pm, it is possible to fully recuperate for 4-5 hours of sleep.
At the same time mate struggling with insomnia, improves mood, helps to find peace of mind.
The truth is not recommended to drink yerba mate is too hot, as do the Indians.
The same batch of powder mate brewed up until not disappear taste. Experts say that the most delicious drink is obtained after four brewing.
Mate can not drink for people who have a tendency to form kidney stones, children, pregnant women and nursing mothers.
But mate is not only tasty and healthy. It still can be used in cosmetics.
Prepared without sugar drink to wipe the face, morning and evening, as a tonic lotion.
The mask for any skin
2 tbsp. spoon drink mate mixed with 1 tbsp. spoon of honey.
Apply the mixture with a brush or cotton swab on the face. The second and subsequent layers are applied when the first has dried and prior.
Wash off after 20-25 minutes with cool water, ideally mineral without gas.
The mask for dry skin
1 tbsp. spoon drink mate mixed with 2 tbsp. tablespoons soft cheese and grated 1 teaspoon of olive oil. Mix well, apply on face for 15 minutes.
Rinse with warm water and wipe the face with ice.
Mask for oily skin
2 tbsp. Spoon mate mix with 1 teaspoon of lemon. Add oatmeal so as to obtain a creamy mass apply on face for 15 minutes. Rinse with water at room temperature.
If rinse hair after washing the mat, they acquire liveliness, silky shine.
To tone the whole body, the mat is added to the bath while bathing.