Many of us like buns with sesame seeds, but not all, probably realize that people cultivate sesame seeds over 7,000 years. It is known that in ancient Babylon with sesame seeds baked pies, made from his oil and wine. In ancient Assyria and Egypt, the origin of sesame attributed to the supreme deity, and only they can use it for food.
According to legend, the ancient Assyrian gods before creating the world, drank wine from sesame grains.
Homeland sesame, by assumption, scientists are tropical Africa, where it still grows wild.
In India, sesame cultivated for 5000 years BC, and the name of the plant in the second part
translated as -
The Ebers Papyrus, an ancient written document about useful plants, found the famous German Egyptologist Ebers, sesame mentioned under the name
The ancient word til associated with immortality.
Probably not a man among us who have not read or seen the movie-tale
"Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves"
and we all remember the magic words -
. Well, so, in the original there is such a phrase. It appeared only in translation, thanks to the French Orientalist Antoine Galland (1646 - 1715).
In one version of the origin of the phrase is associated with an interesting device sesame pods, which sleep, cracked and burst with a loud click as soon as to them someone touches. Hidden seeds are open.
A scientific name for the genus of plants
It comes from the Greek word -
Which, in turn, came into the Greek language from one of the Semitic languages - Arabic and Aramaic.
Some scientists believe that by the Assyrian
Sesame Sesame -
Sesamum indicum L.
Sesamum orientale L.
- An annual herbaceous plant of the family Shrovetide sesame.
Root sesame long, thick, branched. Straight, branched at the base of the stem rises to a height of one and a half meters.
The leaves are long, on long petioles, pubescent, smooth or corrugated.
Lower leaves usually have a circular shape, the average of the eggs, and the upper narrow.
The flowers are white, pink or purple, solitary or 3-5 pieces are in the leaf axils.
Flowering sesame seeds in June and July.
Fruit - pubescent oblong box, at the top acuminata, consists of several nests of green or reddish color. It ripens in August and September.
Seeds of white, yellow, brown or black like a tiny flat balls with peanut flavor.
Gather the pods before the disclosure until the spilled seeds.
Sesame cultivated in India, Africa, Korea, China, Central Asia, the Caucasus ...
Sesame seeds contain vitamins A, B1, E, fatty oil, protein, fiber, zinc, calcium, magnesium, copper, manganese, iron and phosphorus.
Incidentally, calcium glass floor sesame seeds in three times longer than in rural milk glass floor.
The seeds obtained
As a medicinal plant used sesame in ancient Egypt.
In ancient Greece, athletes ate sesame seeds before competition to enhance endurance.
Modern folk medicine recommends sesame in diseases of the thyroid and pancreas, liver, gall bladder, with shortness of breath, asthma, pneumonia, heart disease, high blood pressure, inflammation of the joints, for the prevention of cancer and osteoporosis.
Nutritionists recommend to add sesame oil to all who wish to lose weight, as it stabilizes the metabolism.
When PMS oil massage movements applied to the abdomen.
Beauticians are advised to use sesame oil to accelerate recovery processes occurring in the cells of the skin.
Masks with the addition of sesame oil rejuvenate the skin, do not give her age, narrow pores and give a nice shade.
Mask of facial wrinkles
Sesame oil thickly applied to wrinkles and leave for 40-60 minutes, then the excess wet cloth.
The mask for dry skin
Stir in sesame oil with sour cream 1: 1, apply on face for 15 minutes, remove the cloth, wash with warm water, then cool.
1 tbsp. a spoonful of sesame oil mixed with 1 teaspoon honey and 1 teaspoon of soft cheese. All mix well and apply on face for 15 minutes.
Rinse with water at room temperature, wipe the face with ice.
To make the hair shine and softness, restoring the painted hair. Apply sesame oil to locks, rub into the scalp and leave for half an hour. Wash your hair with shampoo.
Cosmetics with sesame seeds
Spray resistant color and shine c hawthorn and sesame from Yves Rocher
Body balm Spa Wisdom Africa Shea butter and sesame oil by The Body Shop
Dry quickly absorbed, sesame oil by Neutrogena
Pomegranate regenerating hand cream from Weleda with sesame oil
Shea Soft for dry and sensitive skin from Melvita, as part of sesame oil (7, 5%)