Striped berry
 Oddly enough for human perception, but a big, packed in a striped Watermelon rind is a berry. And judging by the fact that watermelon is mentioned not only in the Bible but also in the verses of Virgil, it began to grow, not later than 1500 years BC. e.

With regard to where watermelon appeared initially to scientists disagree. Some believe that in Africa, while others insist that it were India and Egypt. Images of watermelons discovered by archaeologists on the walls of ancient Egyptian tombs. Presumably, wild watermelon - Colocynth, respectfully referred to as the "king of the desert" of semi-desert Kalahari and the Namib Desert in time spread to other deserts of Africa, Central Asia, India and Australia.

In the wild watermelon small the bitter fruits that are eaten by animals and eat the natives. Written sources mentioned that they have helped travelers cross the desert. In ancient China once staged in honor of watermelon festivals. The ancient Romans ate watermelons fresh, cooked from them jam and salted for future use.

The most famous of watermelon is - Watermelon woolly Citrullus lanatus That is wild, polukulturnym and cultural. That table varieties of watermelon Wooly bred virtually worldwide. It is believed that the first cultivated varieties have appeared in ancient Egypt.

Watermelon - Citrullus   - An annual herb of the family Cucurbitaceae. In watermelon massive root system, the main root which penetrates into the depth of 1 meter, thus pulling water and nutrients without irrigation. Stem, called a whip, a watermelon creeping have strongly branched to 4 meters in length. The first true leaf appears on the plant for 4-5 days after germination, one watermelon can formed up to 300 leaves.

Watermelons bloom in a month and a half after seedlings. Flowers usually dioecious, male and female on the same plant. Female flowers are larger than males. And they both revealed at dawn, just before the men's women's, and shed their approximately 16 hours.

 Striped berry
   Watermelon - cross-pollinating plant that is pollinated by bees, ants and other insects. The fruit - berry-seeded round or oval round shapes from 3 to 5 kg more weight. The crustal thickness 0, 5 cm, color green or striped. The flesh of watermelon pink, red, orange and less zhёltovataya. The seeds also have a variety of colors from black, brown, yellow to variegated, the form of seeds, usually oblong rounded. Fruits ripen in 40-60 days after flowering.

In Russia, watermelons until the end of the XVII century brought from abroad, overseas as a delicacy. And fresh watermelons at that time did not eat. Or cooked with spices, or soaked. Under Peter I, watermelons began to grow in Russia and bring to the table soaked in sugar syrup. At the beginning of the XVIII century, Peter I visited Kamyshin and came from there the watermelon so excited that commanded them to salute in honor of all the fortress guns. By order of His Imperial Majesty to the building of the magistrate was set watermelon, cast in copper, as a symbol of Kamyshin.

Now, watermelon eating mostly fresh, as well as make one jam, marmalade, honey, candied fruit and wine; from watermelon peels - jam of watermelon seeds - oil, salt and watermelon wet.

In melon fruits contain vitamins - B1, B2, C, PP, carotene, folic acid, lycopene, fructose, glucose, citrulline, carbohydrates, fiber, minerals - potassium, magnesium, iron and sodium ...

 Striped berry
 For therapeutic purposes, using the pulp, peel and seeds of plants.

- Therefore, it is prescribed for kidney disease, cardiovascular system, blood vessels, joints, edema of any origin when

- Watermelon is natural adsorbent, and displays the body of harmful toxins, as well as the bad cholesterol, which is the prevention of atherosclerosis.

- Fructose contained in watermelon, absorbed by the body without the cost of insulin, so it can have diabetes.

 Striped berry
 - Dieters nutritionists recommend doing fasting days and eat in a day to 2-2, 5 kg of watermelon pulp.

- The infusion of the dried watermelon peels.   500 gr. minced raw pour a pint of boiling water, leave for 40 minutes, cool, strain, take ½ cup 4-6 times a day acute and chronic inflammation of the large intestine.

- Fresh watermelon juice drink with anemia, anemia, heart and kidney disease, when edema, ½ cup 3-4 times a day.

Watermelon - the perfect cosmetic . They improve the complexion, moisturize, whiten, if you apply a mask and lotion of watermelon at least 2 months, restore skin youthfulness is several times more efficient than expensive beauty treatments.

- Masks of watermelon for the normal and dry skin.   4 tbsp. tablespoons watermelon juice mixed with 1 tbsp. olive oil, 1 egg yolk and rastёrtym 2 tbsp. spoonfuls of flour from oatmeal. After 15-20 minutes rinse with warm water. This mask rejuvenates as well neck and chest.

- For aging skin.   To 4 tbsp. spoons watermelon pulp add 1 teaspoon of honey and ½ teaspoon of lemon juice. Put a lot of between the rows of gauze and apply to face for 15 minutes. Rinse with boiled water, and apply a moisturizer.

- For oily skin.   2 tbsp. tablespoons watermelon juice mixed with 1 teaspoon lemon juice and beaten egg yolk. Apply with a brush on the face, let dry, apply another layer, then a third. Wash off after 15 minutes with cool water. And it is good to wash chilled broth chamomile.

In the East, watermelon is a symbol of fertility and it is accepted to give the wedding the bride and groom.
Author: Natalia Alexeeva