Hazelnut or common hazel - bush that autumn glow all shades of golden tones.

Common hazel reaches a width and height of 5-6 meters. Broad crown of the plant is formed by the large number of vertical shafts. At a young age hazel grows slowly, but over the years, it begins to resemble an umbrella ...

Young branches are bare, gray, later they become yellowish gray, and covered with hairs. Rounded, large, up to 10-12 cm long, hazel leaves, when only blossom are yellowish light yellow shade in the summer they are green-lemon, and the fall colors are becoming yellow and gold.

Hazel flowers appear before leafing and delicate yellowish hanging earrings. Hazel blooms in April - early May.

   Hazel plant monoecious: on the same bush catkins are staminate and pistillate flowers. The fruits are spherical or oblong edible nuts, in the hands of 1-4, a length of about 18 mm. The fruits are surrounded by fruit light green bell-wrappers with teeth, velvety to the touch.

The nuts ripen in late August - September. Fruits hazel year, but a large harvest usually happens 1 time in 4 years.

Hazel grows almost throughout the European part of Russia, in the Caucasus. Hazelnut has long been collected, often zagotavlivaya the winter is not something that bags and carts. And what is interesting, useful not only nuts, but the branches, the leaves of hazel.

Bark, branches and leaves comprise: vitamin C, carotene, tannins, flavonoids, volatile oil, palmitic acid, and anthocyanins. Fruits contain vitamins B, E, PP, C, carotene, fatty oil containing oleic, linoleic, linolenic, palmitic acid.

Hazel leaves and bark have anti-inflammatory and vasoconstrictor properties. Infusions of them drink with varicose veins and phlebitis, in hypertension, kidney, liver, diarrhea, prostatic hypertrophy. Used to treat ulcers.

- A decoction of the leaves of hazel
2 tbsp. spoons of crushed hazelnut leaves pour 2 cups boiling water, boil for 10 minutes, insist another half an hour, drain, take 1/3 cup 3 times a day for half an hour before meals.

 - Eating nuts hazel improves mental performance, help to improve metabolism. For therapeutic purposes, they are eaten with anemia, diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis.

- Nuts useful for children, knowledge workers, the elderly and anyone who wants to be healthy.

- Breastfeeding mothers nuts increase milk production. Eat enough in the day 10-15 nuts.

- Nuts eaten with honey for coughs and as a fortifying agent.

- To enhance the immune system and the brain work better prepare the drink with nuts - nut milk . Fresh crushed nuts, pour cold water for 10 hours. Then ground in a mortar and insist another 4 hour, stirring occasionally, then boiled and filtered. To taste add salt or sugar. Can honey.

Hazelnut use for cosmetic purposes . More Avicenna wrote about the properties of hazelnut "Zhzhёnye hazelnuts dyed hair."

- Mask, smoothing wrinkles
Grind the nuts 10, pour warm milk so as to obtain a paste, let cool, add 1 teaspoon of honey and apply on the skin for 15 minutes. Rinse with warm water, wash cold.

- For dry skin
Rub 5-6 nuts, pour olive oil to form a creamy mass, let stand for half an hour, apply on face for 10 minutes. Remove swab dipped in warm tea leaves of green tea. After 5 minutes, wash with cool water.

- Oil lubricated hazel head to strengthen the hair.

- A decoction of the leaves are added to the bath to rejuvenate and improve the tone. Article 2-4. tablespoons chopped dried leaves pour 1 liter of boiled water, half an hour, drain, add to bath temperature of + 37C. Take 10-15 minutes. Water when the body does not rinse.
Author: Natalia Alexeeva