"If the winter is, ginger, radish and summer, all year round to preserve the health."
The name comes from the Latin radish.
Radish is considered to be the closest relative of a radish. And, according to legend, was derived from the small radish root radish. It seems that in the Middle Ages in France, a peasant, seeing little tubers about radishes, tried them and appreciate the taste, I decided not to throw, and grow them as a separate vegetable, called radish.
Mass in Europe began to grow radishes from the XVI century. Root vegetables radish were then white and had the shape of carrots. Gradually taken root radishes around the world, thanks to taste, rapid growth and cold resistance.
Farmers Egypt and China also tell the legend of the dwarf radish, they noticed, have tried and began to grow. We know that in China, radishes grown more over 3000 years ago. Radish was known in ancient Japan, and in ancient Greece. Preserved written sources, which says that in ancient Rome, winter radish varieties eaten with honey, vinegar and salt.
In Russia, radishes, like much else, was responsible for spreading Tsar Peter I. He first tried it in Amsterdam in a house in Amsterdam merchant, and came to the indescribable delight. Mass is brought radishes to Russia from France in the XVIII century. Radish varieties are divided into European, Chinese and Japanese.
- Herb, annual or two-year, from the cabbage family. Annual radish root forms and seeds in the sowing year and biennial seeds gives the second year after planting.
Radish leaves collected in the outlet of 4-6 pieces. The lower leaves have a real view lyre, while the upper leaves dissected, with one major and other minor lateral lobes.
Radish stems can reach one and a half meters. Flowers large, white or pink. Fruits - pods and seeds in light brown.
But grown radishes for root crops that have different shapes - round, flattened, spindle-oval. Skin color is most often rich pink, red, with white tip, rarely purple, white, yellow. The flesh is white.
Often small and large radishes. The weight of one root ranges from 10 to 400 gr. Radish prefers loose soil and well moistened.
Composition and healing properties.
Carrots contain vitamins - C, B1, B2, B5, PP, carotene, sugars, starch, proteins, organic acids, essential oils, enzymes, potassium, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium and iron.
In the food roots used fresh, they are added to salads. Green radish put into soups, stewed cabbage and served both as a garnish.
- Radish antiseptic and easy laxative properties.
- It is recommended to have at the loss of strength, lethargy, anemia, vitamin deficiency, depression, people suffering in violation of gastro-intestinal tract, hypertension, coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, cholecystitis.
- According to experts, radishes dilutes the blood, is the prevention of cancer.
- Due to the large amount of fiber contained in the pulp, radish displays the body of excess cholesterol, heavy metals and radionuclides.
- External poultice of rastёrtogo radishes applied to a sore point with radiculitis.
- In China, radish is used as an antipyretic and expectorant.
Radishes can not have a sick stomach ulcer and bowel, colitis, kidney diseases and liver!
Radishes have long been used in the home cosmetics.
Particularly beneficial impact on his dry skin. The juice squeezed from radish, moisturize and rejuvenate with a daily application of any skin.
Simple mask for dry aging skin
2 radish wash well, peel, grate on a fine grater, add 1 tbsp. of vegetable oil, preferably olive, mix and apply to the skin for 15 minutes. Wash off with parsley broth or warm water.
4 radishes clean, grate, add 1 tbsp. spoon heavy cream, 1 tbsp. spoon of olive oil, 1 tbsp. spoonful of soft cottage cheese and a pinch of sea salt. All mix thoroughly and apply on face, neck and decollete. Rinse with warm water, wash cold.
3-4 radish wash, peel, grate, add 1 teaspoon honey and 1 teaspoon of sour cream, mix and apply on skin for 15-20 minutes. Rinse with warm water, wash with cool. After course of such masks, facial skin noticeably posvezheet become soft and velvety.
For normal to oily skin
4 Grate radishes, add 1 egg yolk and 1 tbsp. a spoonful of milk, stir and applied for 15 minutes. Rinse with water at room temperature.
Moisturizing and clarifying mask
Grate radish and 4 small cucumber, Stir, add 1 beaten egg white. Again, mix and apply on skin for 10-15 minutes.