Tender, juicy, wet, sensual, alluring lips ...
 Lipstick - a magic wand for the grown-up princesses. Today, funds for the care of the lips, especially lipstick, are a particularly common form of decorative cosmetics.

For the first time highlight the lips against the backdrop of the face guessed resident Mesopotamia. Then the composition of carmine, tallow and beeswax began to be used in Ancient Egypt. Ancient beauty tinted lip color greasy clay. A girl in Russia tinted with natural products: beets, raspberries, strawberries.

The birth of modern lipstick can be called in 1903, when the World Exhibition in Amsterdam coloring lip liner became a sensation. The invention is a retractable pin of the cigarette paper made of a mixture of castor oil, musk and beeswax. In 1915, the US created a machine for the manufacture of lipstick and metal tubes with a lid for storage. In the twentieth century the lipstick came into vogue with the movie.

Chemical composition

Beeswax (white or yellow), administered in an amount of 7-20%, connects the components of lipstick, makes it hard (but not rigidity) increases the strength of the stroke, elasticity, softness, promotes better adhesion of dyes to his lips. Carnauba wax is extracted from the leaves of the Brazilian palm and having a melting point of 84 ° C, gives the lipstick hardness desired and defined melting temperature, but not higher than 39 ° C. Dropping Point lipstick should be between 50-80 ° C.

Along with the natural waxes, synthetic products widely used: partial esters of ethylene or propylene glycol and the limiting fatty acids (palmitic, myristic, stearic) and others.

Ozokerite, and ceresin are well able to bind fat and dyes, which, in combination with a relatively high melting point and plasticity, making them essential components lipsticks. Spermaceti gives the lipstick fat content and hardness, good softens lips. High molecular weight alcohols (cetyl alcohol) make a smear of lipstick delicate and subtle. Cocoa butter gives the lipstick fat and shiny.

Glycerol monostearate is a solvent dye eosin and eosin acid, and promotes dispersion lacquer colorants and fillers. Pasty components of lipstick (partially hydrogenated lanolin and castor oil) confer lipstick plasticizing properties, increase the density of smear adhesion to the mucosa of the lips.

Lanolin is well softens the skin of the lips, it is administered from 5 to 20%. Sometimes used acetylated lanolin, which is best mixed with castor oil than usual, and has less stickiness. Pig fat gives lipstick softness and fat, improves its taste. Castor oil is administered to dissolve eosin (dye), contributes to a more uniform distribution of it. Tsetiolan can replace castor oil in the production of lipsticks.

Types of lipsticks

Depending on the destination of their produce hygienic, for coloring the lips, and special purpose (moisturizing, nourishing). The color palette is very extensive (more than 300 colors).

Moisturizing Lipstick   It allows not just lip stain, but also to prevent flaking, softening them. The structure of this lipstick often includes chamomile, avocado oil, cocoa, castor, sunflower or coconut oil. Unfortunately, this lipstick is unstable and easily erased from contact with almost any surface.

Tip!   Lipstick will stay longer if the lip pre-powder, then apply a coat of paint, slightly wet cloth, and then again to use lipstick

Nourishing lipstick   It creates the effect of haze due to the combination of vegetable waxes, pigments and powders. Nourishing lipstick perfectly falls intensive colors and looks good.

Tip!   If you have hypersensitivity to lipstick, it is best to use hypoallergenic analogue. In this lipstick is almost no smell. It perfectly protects the lips from dryness and chapping, prevents cracking.

Resistant lipstick   does not tarnish, does not require touch-up, do not leave any marks on glasses and others' cheeks. However, it can cause a feeling of dryness or film. Very good when resistant lipstick contains vitamin E or aloe, but if they suddenly have your lipstick composition, there likely are present some other humectants.

The composition of chapstick   includes vitamins, nutrients, moisturizing and antiseptic substances. You can often find the composition of hygienic lipstick, enriched with UV filters that protect the skin of the lips from harmful sun rays.

Many women as an alternative to using lipstick lip gloss. In essence this is the same lipstick, not only has a solid structure. Shines contain more fluid composition of oils, fats and waxes is less, giving and save forms. The concentration of pigments in the glare lower than in lipsticks, but greater wetting agents. This composition allows a better gloss to soften, moisturize and nourish the delicate skin of the lips.

How to choose a quality lipstick

A good lipstick is considered that:

-   It does not contract the lips and does not cause a feeling of heaviness;

-   in soft and light applied to the lips to go smoothly;

-   It causes a pleasant feeling on the lips;

-   It has a pleasant smell;

-   It has a smooth (without drops and stains) surface;

-   It has a solid rod;

-   It does not melt in the sun.
Author: Inna Sedykh