Healthy Diet - worthy of praise and encouragement of anti-obesity, chronic and even fatal disease, slows the aging process and allows you to feel and look better. However, when healthy eating becomes an obsession, it can lead to painful consequences.
When the useful power flows into unprofitable extreme, even in spite of the fact that diet may be balanced and adequate, the attitude and obsession can be compared with eating disorders. Living a balanced diet - a mandatory component of the right way of life, but it should not overshadow everything else.
Ortoreksi - subclinical eating disorders often do not identify and characterize the deviation until the complete rejection of food. If you think that you are too obsessed with diet and nutrition, it can be orthorexia.
"How women can eat this waste?" - Wondered Marina, looking at the food served, for the baby. Around the "terrible" frozen quiches, M & M's and chocolate cakes. She politely declined the offer hostess "rife with sodium and sugar, frozen rubbish". Hunger would not let her stomach for five hours, and it is still understood that useful chance to try healthy foods are zero for at least another two hours. Instead of thinking how wonderful it would be to try a piece of chocolate cake for dinner, she nibbled apple, scrolling in my head: "clean, useful and rich in vitamins."
When later the therapist Marina drew attention to the fact that her extraordinary way of thinking is harmful to health, she smiled and exclaimed boldly: "As soon as you might think, that my proper diet is bad for me ?!" After this incident Marina, which continued treatment, a little He lowered from its nutritional pedestal and took the right middle. She says: "Now I can not afford even a chocolate cake for dinner, who would have me say what." She adds: "I must agree, life should be enjoyed, because orthorexia or my obsession always eat properly is not my rules."
- Obsession with nutrition, involves improving health, but in reality, subclinical nutritional disorders. Bretman Steven (Steven Bratman), MD, created the term in 1997 from the Greek word ortho, which means "the right or infallible" and orexis, meaning appetite. In his book, Dr. Bretman ortoreksi describes as a disease, during which people see their diet as a way to feel right and clean, even spiritually. The more extremes in the diet, the more clean and free a person feels.
Ortoreksi not recognized clinically significant disorders like anorexia or bulimia, because the statistics ortoreksi fairly scarce. Another reason for which remains subclinical ortoreksi - is that the habit of proper nutrition is considered to be extremely positive. With a huge number of obese people, whose number is increasing every year, the society and medical professionals believe proper nutrition ideal. But when people eat a diet with the idea of purity and the same measure its purity and integrity, the so-called proper nutrition becomes suspicious.
Unlike anorexia nervosa (restricting food) and bulimia (vomiting), ortoreksi - atypical picture dangerous for healthy food. General motivation among people suffering ortoreksi - panic desire health. Unlike people with anorexia who ogranichiayut your diet in order to, as much as possible, to lose weight, despite the health, people with ortoreksi eat healthy foods, but the party food, which, as it seems, causes damage and pollute the body (often these products are absolutely not harmful). Unlike people with anorexia are obsessed with the amount of food consumed, the owners ortoreksi differ strict attitude to the quality of the food.
There are many power systems or "mineral diets", and each can be guided by an unhealthy obsession with food. Strict followers of one diet for the sake of beauty and health may suffer malnutrition. The organism suffers from a lack of vitamins, minerals and nutrients from the diet is excluded when a certain type of product. Many diets exclude individual products or groups based on the whole to stimulate health and / or prevention of diseases. In the short term, these diets are harmless. However, when a hard man lets follow dietary rules over a long period of time, the negative physical and mental effects are inevitable. Ortoreksi particularly risky because the person begins to limit your diet more and more, guided by the search for perfection.
Ortoreksi - an eating disorder
Ortoreksi refers to the direction of subclinical eating disorder, a form of obsessive-compulsive disorders (prone to repetitive actions), which leads to moral deviations.
Heidi Levine-Miller (Heidi Lewin-Miller), a registered dietitian and a licensed family therapist in San Luis Obispo, California, beginning familiarity with the "clean power" in the early 1980s, when they began to appear followers of the macrobiotic diet.
Lewin-Miller recalls, "I was listening to a lecture-known follower of macrobiotic regime, and then, after a meal, listened to her vomiting in the bathroom. I noted that the woman was clearly ill and asked if she needed help. I was shocked when a woman said that she ate too many beans for lunch to maintain their macrobiotic balance, because it is necessary to cleanse the body of 'annoying' products. " This is an example of how proper nutrition transition within ortoreksi.
Specializing in eating disorders, Lewin-Miller notes that ortoreksi - a hidden disease. She explains: "People with eating disorders usually suffer the syndrome of 'all or nothing'. They lose the ability to see aspects of his life, being, as it were blurred. They have no concept of the limit, and this extreme thinking can relate to food or other aspects of their lives. " She adds: "People with ortoreksi divide food into two categories:" good or useful "and" bad or harmful. " Their self-worth is based on the category of foods that they eat. If they feed on useful food, they are good. If she pampered herself and eat junk food - they are bad. With such a position, based on the absence of an intermediate position, it is really very unfortunate and harmful lifestyles. "
Are ortoreksi helpful?
People suffering ortoreksi externally motivated is a healthy diet, but it is the cause of inner obsession with weight loss, compliance with the accepted standards of beauty, the desire to be perfect and other factors not related to health.
"I became a vegetarian at the age of 15 years, because I did not like the taste of meat and I was opposed to killing animals," - says Kate. "I knew that vegetarianism is helpful, but I also knew that in this way could consume fewer calories," - she adds. Humane food was extrinsic motivation, but the main factor was the accepted standards of slimness.
Be happy being themselves
Ortoreksi can not be recognized as a disease, but it can cause a dysfunction of your social life and mental health, and health in general, to the complete exclusion of certain foods or groups of foods from your diet.
Consult a physician or other medical professionals who specialize in eating disorders, if you realize that your feelings, thoughts and habits go a reasonable borders.