"Who basil chewing - he lives a long time" (Russian proverb).
The word "basil" is translated as "fragrance worthy of kings", "royal herb", "Imperial medicine", "leader of the people," "King of Plants".
Homeland basil, according to most scientists, is China, Iran, Sri Lanka, India. In India, basil is worshiped as a sacred plant of the gods Krishna and Vishnu.
Wreaths basil found in the pyramids of ancient Egypt. It was grown in ancient Greece and Rome, on the island of Crete from a love potion brewed, prepared ointments and perfumes.
Wild basil and today grows in India, Iran, China ... as it began to cultivate more than 1,000 years ago in Iran and India.
Nowadays, the main exporters Basilica Italy, France, Morocco and Egypt ... It is believed that basil was brought to Europe the soldiers of Alexander the Great in the IV century BC, returning from Asia. Soon basil appeared in all the countries of the Mediterranean, and then throughout the world.
It contributed to the popularization of French chefs, which is included in the XVIII century dish of basil in your cookbooks.
In Russia, basil appeared at the beginning of the XVII century and was used in a variety of sauces, seasoning for meat and game.
Ocinum basilicum L.
- An annual herbaceous plant of the family yasnotkovyh with a pleasant balsamic aroma.
At the Basilica of tetrahedral highly branched stem often reddish in color from 35 to 60 cm in height. The leaves are green, salad, red-purple or purple with a few teeth on short stalks. The leaves reach a length of 5 - 5 5 cm.
Basil inflorescence composed of several small flowers and are located at the ends of the stems are long and beautiful brush. The flowers can be white, pink, lilac, white, purple, violet.
At the touch of the whole plant because of the rough zhelёzok, which accumulate essential oil.
Flowering basil in July and August, attracting a lot of insect pollinators. The fruit nut basil black and purple. It ripens in late September.
Particularly appreciated for the flavor of basil, which in different varieties can be different. Lemon basil smells like lemon, cinnamon - cinnamon, allspice Yerevan, Baku mixture of mint and cloves.
The taste of the majority of the basilica with a delicate bitter sweet taste.
Basil is a treasure trove of vitamins, micro and macro elements and other nutrients.
The leaves, flowers and stems of basil contain vitamins - A, B2, PP, C routines, starch, tannins, fiber, sugar, volatile, tannins, glycosides, mineral salts, essential oil complex composition.
Since ancient times basil is used in medicine of different nations.
Avicenna wrote about the Basilica:
"... Some say that basil hairy more balanced than marjoram or thyme, and less dry ... He opens the blockage in the brain and in the nostrils, if sniff, rub, or have ... It is useful to have at faults of the heart, arising from (any) near the mucus and bile black ... ".
Basil has antiseptic, antibacterial, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties. Strep and mycoplasma he fights effective antibiotic oxytetracycline. This is confirmed by research.
Tea made from basil
banishes fatigue, melancholy, anxiety, fears, relieves fatigue and headache. Infusions and decoctions of basil stimulates the brain, strengthen the nerves, relieve insomnia, improves digestion. Stimulate sexual performance.
Applied drugs basil with flu and colds, inflammation of the lungs.
In India it is used as a tonic centuries of mental, physical and sexual activity.
And our ancestors in ancient times hung bunches of basil on a ceiling or laid on the stove.
Basil significantly slows down the aging process and preserves not only internal but also external youth.
All of its properties are shown, even if it is used simply as a seasoning for various dishes.
Buy better with basil leaves and reddish violet or purple petals.
In winter, it is dried in the shade and stored in a dark place, preferably in glass jars of opaque glass under the cover.
Basil is an excellent tool for making homemade cosmetics funds
1 tbsp. a spoonful of minced dried basil Pour 1 cup boiling water, leave for half an hour. Strain used for washing in the morning and evening. With regular use lotion to rejuvenate the skin.
For oily skin 150 ml infusion of basil add 1-2 tbsp. tablespoons of vodka.
applied for acne: 1 tbsp. Spoon 1/2 cup of boiling water. Keep on the face for 15-20 minutes.
wipe infusion of basil
smooth out fine wrinkles. 1 drop of essential oil of basil for this purpose are added to the night cream.
Bath with basil and rejuvenating tonic
2 handfuls of fresh basil or 4 tbsp. tablespoons dried pour 1 liter of boiling water, leave for 40-50 minutes. Strain, pour into the tub. The temperature of water + 37C, while taking 15 minutes. 1-2 baths weekly.
Hair, rinsed infusion of basil
, Attract the opposite sex.
Many nations basil is a symbol of love and family happiness.
In Romania, until now, following the ancient custom, the girl gives a guy to propose to her, as a sign of consent, a sprig of basil.