Chestnut in bloom over the city ...
 When you hear the words of this song, I immediately imagine Odessa and Crimea, the sea, the southern heat. But, in fact, chestnuts have long settled in alleys and parks of the cities of central Russia.

One of medieval legend tells how one day during a storm under a spreading chestnut crown hid from the rain I Giovanna Naples with its accompanying hundred knights ...

Why chestnut horse called? Incidentally, the Greek word «hippos» translated as "horse". This is due to the fact that in ancient times, and even in the XVI century, chestnut seeds were treated with respiratory diseases in horses. And yet, after leaf fall on the bark of a trace remains, resembling a horseshoe ...

Homeland chestnut believe Greece, but it has long been scattered across the globe. Aesculus hippocastanum - Aesculus hippocastanum L.   - Powerful deciduous tree of the family konskokashtanovyh up to 30 meters high.

If you look at the chestnut from a distance, the tree seems graceful openwork. And if you get closer, it is easy to notice that the trunk had a massive chestnut, dark brown bark and often cracked. Stems reddish or yellowish. But the krona really one continuous green openwork.

 Chestnut in bloom over the city ...
   Spring catches the eye large, thick buds chestnut 2 - 2, 5 cm. The color of their pinkish-green, they are sticky to the touch. The leaves resemble someone fan, someone divorced five fingers in the hand. Each sheet is located on the long handle and itself reaches a length of 23-25 ​​cm.

The most amazing and fascinating at the chestnut is it white with a slight tinge of pink flowers, gathered in the inflorescence candle. That they sang at all times poets and painters depicted. Chestnut Blossoms in May - June for a long time to 20-25 days. The fruit - fleshy green rounded box to 6cm in diameter, covered with spines. When it matures, it is revealed, often a box crack, when the fruit falls to the ground.

I love to gather in the autumn in late September - early October, flattened seeds chestnut like shiny brown stones with a gray spot at the base. They were so nice to hold in your hand, stroking and just look at them. Personally me, they soothe and inspire the soul of peace.

 Chestnut in bloom over the city ...
 The medicinal and cosmetic purposes   use the bark, leaves, flowers and seeds of chestnut. Inflorescences collected the first 3 days from the beginning of flowering, the leaves - in the middle of summer, the bark - during sap flow, and seeds - when ripe fruit.

The bark of the trunk and branches includes: glycosides, tannins and fatty oil. Leaves: rutin, flavonoid compounds spireozid, astragalin ... Flowers: rutin, kvertsitrin, izokvertsitrin. Seeds: vitamins B, K, C, protein, starch, fatty oil, tannins.

Preparations chestnut reduce the permeability of blood capillaries, reduce blood clotting and increase blood circulation in the veins and their tone, so a decoction of the bark of chestnut treat varicose veins, prevent blood clots and is used for their dispersal.

Also decoctions and infusions of chestnut is used in hemorrhoids, arthritis, rheumatism, cough, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver and gall bladder.

Baths with addition of bark decoction is used for nervousness, tearfulness, insomnia.

- Broth bath
2 tbsp. tablespoons minced raw pour 1 liter of hot water and boil in an enamel pot with the lid on water bath for 30 half an hour, strain and pour into the tub. This also removes the broth, and inflammation of the veins, and serves as the prevention of thrombosis.

- The broth chestnut with inflammation of the skin, edema
Pour 1 teaspoon of shredded bark, leave for half an hour, drain. Use in the form of rubbing and lotions.

- Fresh juice rubbed the skin to make it look fresh and smooth.

- Lotion for oily porous skin
Boil a teaspoon of crushed leaves of chestnut ½ cup of boiled water, half an hour, drain, add 1 teaspoon eau de cologne. Wipe the morning and evening. Unused lotion can be stored in a refrigerator day.

- Hydrating Mask
Grind the chestnut flowers, take 2 tbsp. spoon, add 2 tbsp. tablespoons soft cheese and many cucumber juice to make a thick creamy mass. Apply on face for 15 minutes, rinse, swab dipped in warm water, then wipe the face cucumber juice and wash 2-3 hours.

- Rejuvenating mask
2 tbsp. tablespoons chopped chestnut inflorescences mixed with 1 teaspoon mёta, 1 chicken egg and a little heavy cream. Mix well, apply on face for 10 minutes, rinse with water at room temperature, wash with cool.
Author: Natalia Alexeeva