In winter we often complain of feeling unwell, fatigue, irritability and depression. Typically, these annoying symptoms associated with a lack of sunlight, shorter duration of daylight, low content of vitamins in food, scarcity of winter menu. But there is another factor that may be related to changes in our emotional and physical condition of the worse - is iodine deficiency.
Iodine deficiency - the phenomenon is not so rare, it is tested, according to the WHO, a little less than 30% of the population, or about 1.57 billion people, with more than 500 million people already there are signs of various iodine deficiency disorders. A reliable guarantee that the content of iodine in the body you have all right, is just living on the shores of a sea. Alas, not all are so lucky in life! All other areas of the Earth are in varying degrees of iodine deficiency, and the products grown there is practically no iodine, or very little.
Of course, iodine deficiency can occur at any time of the year, but, as scientists have found, it is from September to January iodine concentration in the blood is reduced to a minimum. However, fortunately since February begins a new rise, and by early summer restraint iodine reaches the highest level. The oscillation amplitude is low iodine content, but most of the minerals we need quite a bit day norm for an adult of 150 micrograms, 75 years of life, we all consume a teaspoon of iodine, and this amount we have enough for the smooth operation of the body.
Why do we need iodine?
Iodine is a very important element, it is indispensable to man, since without it is not possible the synthesis of thyroid hormones. These hormones (thyroid) affect reproduction, growth, differentiation of tissues and metabolism, they perform many functions in our body, it is protection from stress and participate in the metabolism of carbohydrates, and reducing blood cholesterol levels and control of growth and development brain, bone and muscle tissue in childhood period, support for the reproductive system. It is the thyroid gland regulates the entire body.
With a lack of iodine the body tries to cope with the very difficulties arising due to a more active thyroid, along with an increase in its size. So close to the formation of goiter, and this is only the beginning of problems ....
Particular care should be related to the provision of the body with iodine during pregnancy, establishing that iodine deficiency mother faces serious problems with the health of the unborn child may be the cause of various malformations.
Do you have enough iodine?
Enough iodine in your body, can be determined by a simple self-diagnosis. There are several ways:
• Apply iodine mesh with 5% alcohol solution of iodine in the inner thigh. It's easy to do, screwed into a thin stick (toothpick, skewer, hygienic wand) and a piece of cotton wool moistened with a solution of iodine. Now draw a stick on the skin of the grid with squares of 1 cm by 1 cm. If one day your iodine mesh still in place - iodine deficiency have definitely not! If after 6 - 8 hours on iodine mesh were only hints, deficiency symptoms are present, but the situation is not critical. If you have three hours reticulum has disappeared - the body iodine is extremely necessary.
• Simplified method. In the evening, put on your wrist iodine three strips, one thin, thicker second and third wide. In the morning, check that the remains of the strips. If all three are gone - this is a good reason to refer to an endocrinologist if there are traces from the widest strips, the situation has not threatening, but rather alarming if gone only a thin strip, then you're all right.
An indirect sign of iodine deficiency, some researchers believe the preference purple (the color of iodine vapor). Psychologists say that people love this color is easily excitable, nervous, weak immune system and susceptible to depression, and that everything can be an indicator of a lack of iodine in the body. How serious can be treated in such assumptions - I do not know, but if you love the color purple, and also has other signs of initial iodine deficiency, pay attention to this fact.
But you do not need! Effective doses of iodine into the reception there because of its toxicity. In recent years, even before such popular procedures like smearing the throat with angina solution Lugol experts urge to give up, because there is a risk of swallowing iodine, and it's not safe. It is irrelevant from the point of view of modern science, and the board every day to drink milk, to which is added a few drops of an alcoholic solution of iodine. The dose is too large, each droplet contains 6000 micrograms of iodine, i.e., 30 times the daily requirement.
Iodine is toxic, being a strong oxidant, it damages or even destroys the living cells of the body
. Even a small excess of iodine associated with frequent use of iodine outward and inward, causing the so-called "iodism" in which there is inflammation of the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract (rhinitis, and salivation dacryo-, laryngitis, bronchitis) and appear ugrevidnye rash.
The most reliable and inexpensive way of preventing iodine deficiency - is the use in food
. By purchasing such a salt is required to pay attention to packaging and shelf life. The fact that there are 2 kinds of iodized salt: iodide and iodate. The latter is considered more stable: such salt can be stored for 2 years, with the iodide salt - only 6 months. Store iodized salt is necessary in a closed container, the food salt is recommended at the end of cooking, since the compound breaks down under heating evaporates and iodine.
A good source of iodine - seafood (shrimp, mussels, seaweed), they contain up to 300 -400 g per 100 g, the fish in the river also have iodine, albeit in smaller amounts (70 mg / 100 g)
. The remaining amount of its products at all scanty - about 10 g / 100 g
. That vegetables - beets, lettuce, spinach, tomatoes, carrots, potatoes, cabbage, onions, beans, garlic; fruits, berries, nuts - persimmons, apples, grapes, cherries, plums, apricots, pineapple guava, strawberries, walnuts and pine nuts
. They contain a small amount of iodine in cereals (buckwheat, millet), wheat flour, meat, liver, butter, milk
. Another available source of iodine - Appleseed
. It is estimated that 5 - 6 apple seeds completely cover the daily requirement of iodine
. In addition to iodized salt, there are other products with a high content of iodine - iodized iodized bread and milk, as well as numerous supplements with iodine and vitamin-mineral complexes, which include iodine
. To solve the question of the appropriateness of their use luchsche with endocrinologists
Iodine and beauty
In addition to the emotional state and physical health of a lack of iodine in the body and has a direct impact on our appearance. Good condition of the skin, eyes, hair and nails is inextricably linked to the fact that iodine is ingested in the right quantity !. Needs iodine for the exchange of lipid metabolism in the subcutaneous fat layer - it promotes the breakdown of fats and eliminate cellulite. Average content of iodine in the body makes it easier to burn fat while dieting, remains active and gives energy.
As an external agent iodine is widely used as an antiseptic, anti-inflammatory agent and as a component of various masks to strengthen nails. The most popular are:
Mask of olive oil with iodine
Helps eliminate dry nails and prevents splitting, done for the night. In the water bath heat the 1 tbsp. spoon of olive oil, add a few drops of iodine. The resulting mass is rubbed into the nail plate and the skin around them. Wear gloves of cotton and go to bed. This procedure is recommended 1 time per week.
Mask polish with lemon juice and iodine
Effective for fragile layer of nails. Heat the spoon of vegetable oil, add to it 2-3 drops of iodine and 3-4 drops of lemon juice. Thoroughly shaken and gently put on the surface of the nail, rubbing the base. After 10-15 minutes, remove the remnants of the mask.