Ancient Greek myth tells that long ago drove the girls dance under the sacred tree, and suddenly saw the approaching enemies. In the fear of the girls rushed to the sacred tree and hung on its branches, and immediately turned into nuts. Thus was born the walnut tree.
- Fruit, deciduous tree nut of the family. The genus of about 20 species.
Initially taproot age is up to 15 m horizontally around the tree.
Powerful tree trunk reaches 25-35 meters in height and 2 meters in diameter. 50-60 years old tree is growing rapidly in height, then growth slows. But the width of the nut barrel continues to rise.
Crohn shatrovidnaya, low slung.
Odd-pinnate compound leaves have a length of 40-50 cm and are made up of 5-11 leaflets. From the top to the base sheet leaves the value decreases.
Blossoms blooming walnut to leaves. Male staminate flowers are collected in the earrings. Women sessile flowers solitary or 2-4 are located in the upper part of the shoots.
Flowering male and female flowers on one and the same tree usually takes place at different times.
Fruit - false dry drupe round or oval with inedible Cupule, which dries and cracks during ripening. Inside the edible kernel. The fruits ripen in August and September.
Walnut fruit begins 10 years. From one adult tree is collected annually from 200 to 400 kg of fruit.
Homeland walnut Minor and Central Asia. In the wild it grows in the Caucasus, the Caucasus and Central Asia. Cultivated in the Crimea, Ukraine, Moldova.
Walnut kernels contain vitamins - B1, B2, K, PP, P, C, carotene, amino acids, fatty oil, minerals.
Vitamin C especially a lot of immature fruit, so from green walnuts boiled valuable vitamin jam. Walnut leaves contain vitamins B, C, quinones, flavonoids, tannins.
The leaves have a bactericidal and wound-healing properties.
Walnut leaves are used to treat diabetes.
1 tbsp. a spoonful of chopped leaves pour 1 cup boiling water, boil for 1 minute, drain. Drink during the day between meals.
Kernels have a beneficial effect on the brain and blood vessels, it relieves tension and increase mental and physical performance.
The day is recommended to eat 2-3 walnut.
Kernels from hypertension
Mix 250g minced walnuts, 250 grams of lemon, add 250 g of honey and 250 grams of good brandy, mix well. Put in the refrigerator for 2 weeks. Take 1 tbsp. spoon at night until the end of the drug.
Walnut has long been used in cosmetics.
Nowadays it is used in an industrial scale and at home.
Grind 1 walnut kernel, add 1 teaspoon of potato starch, 1 teaspoon honey, 1 egg protein, mix well, apply on face for 20 minutes.
Rinse with warm water, wash with cool.
The mask leaves oily skin
2 tbsp. tablespoons chopped leaves pour 1 cup boiling water, leave for half an hour, drain, add 1 teaspoon of honey, infusion moisten the folded in several layers of gauze and apply on face. Once the gauze is dry, wet it again. After 20 minutes wash water at room temperature.
The mask for dry skin
1 pound walnuts, add 1 teaspoon of thick cream, 1 teaspoon honey and 1 chicken egg yolk, mix well, apply on face for 20 minutes.
Rinse with warm water. Wash cold.
2 pound walnut, add 1 teaspoon of honey and as much cream as to obtain a creamy mass apply on face for 20 minutes.
Rinse with lukewarm water, wash with cool.