Our flower beds and lawns become dull and lose their charm if at the end of summer - early autumn, they will not be brightly blooming marigolds. Our mothers they affectionately called velvet ribbon.
Russian name marigold just given flowers for their velvety petals. In Ukraine, they are called -
And its scientific name
plant has received in honor of his grandson
Who taught the Etruscans to predict the future and find the treasures hidden in the ground.
It is said that the so-called first, who saw the plant in Mexico, the Spaniards.
In England, this plant is called
"Associated with the gold"
In the ancient Mayans and Aztecs used marigolds for ritual purposes, believing that they have a magical effect.
In China they are a symbol of longevity, they were called
"Flowers ten thousand years"
Surprisingly, but in Russia marigolds appeared only in the XVIII century. For the first time described them under the name
, Russian agronomist
- An annual herbaceous plant of the family
. Erect marigold grows in height from 25 to 120 cm. They branched stems form a broad and thick bushes. The leaves have pinnate dissected.
Reed flowers are collected in terry, semi-double or simple racemes orange-brown, orange, yellow, lemon-colored.
At terry inflorescences increased the number of rows of ray flowers grown or tubular corolla.
Flowering plentiful from July until frost.
The fruits - achenes linear.
In addition there are marigolds erect Rejected, Heavy-duty.
Marigolds have long been used for medicinal, cosmetic and food purposes.
The sharp scent of marigold banishes insects from cupboards and beds.
The leaves and flowers of marigold contains vitamins - A, B, P, flavonoids, rutin, volatile, essential oils and yellow coloring agent, trace elements.
Marigolds have anti-inflammatory, diuretic, diaphoretic and anthelmintic properties.
Natives of Mexico use a decoction of the leaves of marigolds as a cure for fever and constipation.
Traditional medicine uses drugs baskets marigolds with the weakening of immunity, cardiovascular diseases, anemia, colds, fever, constipation, as a means to strengthen the walls of blood vessels in the external and internal bleeding.
Infusion for colds
1 tbsp. a spoonful of chopped dry flower baskets pour 1 cup of boiled water, in a thermos for 2 hours, drain, take ¼ cup 3-4 times a day before meals
In Russian folk medicine, water infusion of marigold flowers, no age is used as a sedative.
To improve metabolism
1 teaspoon crushed marigold pour 1 cup boiling water, leave for half an hour under the lid, drain, take 2 tbsp. spoon 3-4 times a day before meals.
In cosmetics, marigolds are used for masks and rinse hair.
Lotion for face marigold
2 tbsp. spoons of crushed marigold pour 1 cup boiling water, press 1 hour in a thermos, drain.
For oily skin, add 2 tbsp. tablespoons of vodka.
When dry and normal 2 tbsp. tablespoons of rose water.
Use morning and evening, as a regular lotion.
Mask for oily skin with acne
Boil 2 racemes marigold ½ cup of boiled water, half an hour, drain. Wipe clean face morning and evening decoction.
Take 2 tbsp. tablespoons of broth and add the potato starch so as to obtain a creamy mass. Apply on face for 10 minutes. Rinse with water at room temperature.
Broth from the previous recipe is useful to rinse hair after each wash for 1, 5 - 2 months. Hair will become soft, silky, shiny, will grow faster and better comb.