Effective components of skin care products, there are, talking about it is not only cosmetics manufacturers, marketers and advertisers. This is confirmed by the women who manage to find a balanced product for the individual needs of their skin. If you are now looking for your product, and even more so if you already need anti-aging care, the small guide on the main ingredients in the creams will not hurt.
1. Vitamin C.
Vitamin C is one of the components that can be called the "workhorses" in skin care. A large part of clinical studies confirm its following effects on the skin:
- It improves collagen synthesis, which makes the skin thicker, helping to reduce wrinkles and folds.
- It has antioxidant activity that reduces skin damage caused by free radicals (unstable molecules). It also helps to withstand exposure to sunlight and increases the efficiency of sunscreens.
- It increases the effectiveness of vitamin E, which is essential in protecting the connections between cells
- Vitamin C - it is also an effective agent antipigmentiruyuschy
- Improves the condition of the skin, sun damage (burns).
If the concentration of vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid) is chosen correctly, the cream will be oxidized to become ineffective and even potentially dangerous.
Regenerating Day Cream SPF 15 and Vitamin C + Regenerating Night Cream Vitamin C + from Lumene
2. Vitamin E.
Vitamin E, like vitamin C, is a very effective antioxidant. Its action is aimed at protecting cell membranes, as well as bonds that retain skin moisture. Vitamin E in the anti-aging products are particularly well protected from stains and scars. This feature enhances the natural moisture of the skin, keeping the cell mechanisms.
. A component of the discharge of retinoids - are derivatives of vitamin A. There are a few retinoids: retinol, retinyl palmitate, tretinoin, other. Many require a doctor's prescription. But anti-aging cosmetic products used most often retinol. This is a real find in recent years in anti-age care. Its effect is impressive:
- Increases blood flow in the cells, making the skin more smooth and bright
- It restores communication between the cells of the epidermis, and collagen bonds and heals small blood vessels, causing wrinkles are reduced, and the color of the skin becomes better.
- Normalization of the sebaceous glands, which helps to reduce the size of pores.
- Stimulates the production of new collagen, making the skin thicker epidermis - more lively and elastic.
: Package with creams containing retinol, should be kept as airtight as possible, as under the influence of light behaves retinol unstable. Another disadvantage - retinol may be unacceptable to some. Although the majority of people it is well tolerated, but some may experience irritation and allergic reactions to it. Enter in your care products with retinol should be gradual, first in a day or two. In addition, we must remember that retinol increases the skin's sensitivity to sunlight, so try to retinol night means. There are studies that retinol products are contraindicated for pregnant women, as having a detrimental effect on the fetus.
Night Anti-aging treatment with retinol RoC Retinol Actif Pur Anti-Wrinkle Moisturizing Treatment Night Moisturizer
. Hydroquinone (Hydroquinone) was opened in 1930, this component is often called bleaching. In fact, he did not directly whitens the skin and acts on the enzyme responsible for the production of melanin, the skin pigment. Ever since the 30's has invented a lot of whitening ingredients, but there are beauticians who consider hydroquinone kind of gold standard in the treatment of hyperpigmentation.
: The fact that the carcinogenicity of this component is not found nor accurate confirmation or refutation. In any case, it shows the use of hydroquinone safe for a short period of time - up to 6 months.
5. Alpha gidrokisloty (ANA)
. When people talk about the AHA, more often mean apple, almond, glycolic acid, which gained increasing popularity in recent years in connection with the findings regarding their positive impact on sun-damaged skin.
ANA usually prepared from milk and fruit sugar. They work as a scrub otshelushivaya old and damaged cells. This process strengthens the skin and allows it to be updated, stimulating the growth of new cells in place of dead. Studies show that funds from the alpha acids help with the consequences of excessive exposure to the sun (wrinkles, age spots, rough and dry skin). The effect is observed when these components are used daily for months.
: The main side effect of AHA acids - skin irritation. Glycolic acid can cause damage in people with dark skin. Therefore, it is better to choose almond or malic acid. They tend to be much safer for people with dark skin. AHA acids also increase the skin's sensitivity to sunlight, so the binding is the combination of these components with solar filters from UVA / UVB radiation.
It is better if the concentration of alpha acids will be no more than 4%, higher rates are used in salon treatment chemical peel, which should only be an expert!
Night Cream with AHA acids and vitamin C Sothys Noctuelle Night Cream with AHA and Vitamin C
. As AHA acid, salicylic acid acts as a peeling agent to the epidermis. It is often referred to as beta-hydro-acid (BHA). Unlike AHA that salicylic acid is able to penetrate more deeply into the pores, and otshelushivaya cleansing the skin. Salicylic acid also has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. All this makes it an ideal component for people with oily skin prone to acne and pimples.
: Be careful to use, if you have sensitive skin. Recommendations for sun protection are the same as for the AHA acids.
. This is not an anti-aging ingredient, but all experts agree on one thing, that without protection from the sun all the anti-aging manipulations useless. The sun is the source of approximately 90% of the adverse effects associated with aging skin.
The main thing is that we need to protect and from UVA, and from UVB rays. To burn and UVB rays cause sunburn, and UVA cause wrinkles, age spots, skin damage and skin cancer. Therefore it is better if you find a broad-spectrum sunscreen action.
In addition to SPF, looking components such as Mexoryl SX, Mexoryl XL, zinc oxide, Tinosorb M and Tinosorb S - they protect against UVA-rays.
Anti-aging agents by LA ROCHE POSAY with solar filters
8. Green tea.
Green tea has been seen its anti-aging effects, in mnogm, because it contained polyphenols (a subclass of flavonoids) have potent antioxidant effects. It also reduces inflammation of the skin.
The antioxidant and antibacterial properties of green tea significantly reduces wrinkles.
. Peptides are protein fragments that often show positive effects on the skin. For example, copper peptides have a very good effect on the healing and scarring. It is their property is used for skin rejuvenation, as stimulates the production of healthy skin.
In general, peptides have good properties for regulating metabolism and growth of skin cells, which undoubtedly is an anti-aging effect.
Advantages of using soybeans as an anti-age ingredient due to the fact that it is an isoflavone. Isoflavones - a phytoestrogen, ie plant estrogens that mimic natural estrogen. This hormone is particularly age requires filling in women. Soy isoflavones have the following effect on the skin:
- Antioxidant effect, helps prevent free radical damage to DNA.
- Isoflavones protect against sunburn.
- Reduce the effects of aging of the skin (istonshenie skin dryness, loss of elasticity).