Long gone are the days when fragrant soaps imported was a large deficit and gains not only to wash the mud as flavoring for bed linen, and the assortment of domestic soap depressing their scarcity and unappetizing smells. Now perfumeries shelves crammed with all sorts of attractive appearance and smell of detergents personal hygiene. It would seem that there are options for every whim and taste, but worth reading on the back of the packaging is printed in small bukvochki composition ... and enthusiasm is much reduced.
Why just not in the modern soap! The first course of PVA ("surfactants saponified components") - sodium salts of higher fat, moreover, various fats: animals and vegetable. Water, glycerin, salt and permanent part of any soap. In addition, the soap manufacturers introduce various synthetic and organic additives, perfumes, dyes. One is forced to become thoughtfull!
Due to the all-embracing "chemicalization" of our lives, it has appeared in recent years, increased interest in environmentally friendly goods, including soap and handmade from natural ingredients.
In the wake of this interest has arisen many private mylovar their products - an extraordinary form, smell and color, though with natural fillers (petals of dried flowers, spices, herbs, aromatic oil), draws attention, and could be the perfect gift and decoration of a private bathroom . However, in this case, may have doubts about the full natural product, no doubt can be avoided only in one case - fully cook the soap with your hands!
Not such a complex process - maybe a little troublesome. Buy ready-made piece of soap in the perfume shop, of course, easier. You may even be able to choose the very high quality option, but is it possible to compare the magic act of creation with their hands aromatic and medicinal substances with a banal walk to the store?
Boil the soap - it is fashionable and useful, and not only for the skin! This creative process can be seen as a kind of therapy, a means of autumn melancholy, meteonevroza and depression.
The easiest option - just for beginners soap-boiler -
cook soap soap!
Remnants or whole pieces of soap (soap is better to take no pungent smell and without synthetic additives, such as "Baby") Grate for soap chips.
Vessel with grated soap placed in a water bath. Putting on a naked flame should not, soap tends to overcooking. The soap has warmed a thin stream, stirring, pour hot water - a little bit, somewhere 0, 5 cups of 100 grams. soap. Instead of water you can pour in the broth of herbs, brew tea, coffee, milk. It depends on our imagination, the desired properties of the final product and of common sense.
The next component -
- About a quarter cup. Choosing oil for cooking, soap, guided by your skin type and properties of the oil. Win-win situation - olive oil, better odorless. This oil is suitable for all skin perfectly softens and moisturizes it, and, moreover, you can buy it without any problems in any supermarket. As the base oil is well suited as the following oils:
• Grape seed oil;
• Sesame oil is particularly suitable in the care of irritated, dry, fading, peeling skin;
• Jojoba oil, it is suitable for any skin care, but it is always used in admixture with other oils;
• Almond oil - used in the care of normal, sensitive, dry and aging skin, it nourishes, cleanses and moisturizes the skin, tones, removes inflammation, slows down aging, smoothing fine wrinkles;
• Wheat germ oil;
• Avocado oil - care thin, sensitive, dry and dehydrated skin;
• Cocoa butter - to care for every skin type, especially dry and damaged, softens, soothes and moisturizes, restores after the negative impact of the environment (cold, sun, wind).
I cooked him of what was ...
Not bad will add to our magic brew a little bit of oil solutions of vitamins A and E, because we know that they nourish the skin, give it elasticity and youthfulness. You can add a little cream favorite. In essence, cream - usual emulsion "oil in water" or "water in oil" and spoil our soap can not! Especially if your cream does not contain synthetic additives.
To make the soap fragrance and colors can be added spices (0, 5 - 1 hour. L.):
• give cinnamon brown color and unique aroma of cinnamon,
• Turmeric - deep yellow;
• saffron - orange.
Brown and corresponding flavors give soap coffee and cocoa powder.
A piece of chocolate will not only give a mixture of a nice chocolate color, but also help better melt.
If you would like soap with disinfectant properties, add a little during cooking propolis tincture, or eucalyptus. By the way, the tincture of eucalyptus "chlorophyll" give the product green. In a homogeneous mass, which continues to melt at a very low heat in a water bath at the end of cooking, carefully add the essential oils (orange, lemon, mint), dried flowers, and everything seems to you useful and visually interesting. The main thing - to stop in time and do not forget that you want to get to the exit. If your intention is to make soap with skrabiruyuschimi properties - add coffee grounds, poppy, citrus zest, ground oatmeal.
Once all of the fillers introduced and thoroughly mixed, we begin to spill into the prepared molds soap. Along with the basic oils and liquid soap should have the consistency of thick cream. Yes, it is very important not to allow the soap boiling, heat only to the stage of melting! To be in the process of cooking uniformity soap, pour ingredients in small portions and whip whisk egg mass.
Molds should be clean and dry, perfectly suited for baking cakes shaped, baby "pasochki" small cup or jar. After the spill, leave the form with soap and water for freezing for several hours. When the mass is sufficiently cured, it is possible to remove the soap from the mold. If you have difficulty removing, try to place the mold for 5 minutes in the freezer, then pour hot water mold. For the final drying soap still need about 2 days to a few weeks.
If you try to make soap, and you liked the process and the result, it makes sense to go to the manufacturer
soap from the soap base
What is the basis? From chemistry lessons we remember that if you add a little fat to the original sodium hydroxide solution and the mixture is heated, hydrolysis (decomposition), triglycerides (fats) to produce glycerol and sodium salts of fatty acids. Adding table salt precipitation achieve the above salts along with residual glycerol. Here is the sediment and carries the name "soap core" or foundation, and goes to the production of soap. Due to the popularity of individual soap making such a framework and sold to private individuals, but it is usually difficult to buy small packages.
In principle, the process of manufacturing soap is not very different from the above, but the soap base have some advantages. Perhaps you are lucky enough to acquire a quality soap base of plant material, namely from coconut and palm oil. Such a substrate has a low pH (acidity), contains in its structure additional synthetic foaming agent and has no odor. In addition, the soap base melt easier and faster, has greater fluidity.
Oh, and by the heights of excellence "soap-boiler" -
manufacture of soap from scratch
By saponification of fatty acids with an alkali, typically caustic soda (caustic soda, caustic soda, caustic lye). The point is rather dangerous, requires special safety regulations. A special clothing, goggles, gloves, mask and so on. D.
But with a strong desire, nothing is impossible, the Internet can find a very detailed, step by step description of this exciting venture.
Whichever method of cooking the soap you choose - try and enriched magical healing properties wedges soap made with his own hands, will be a perfect gift for the holiday yourself and loved ones. Well, even if the first attempt does not get everything perfect before the New Year there is still time to hone skills!