Burnt by the Sun, or the red, red, caulk ... Part 2
 Fight pigmentation difficult, and, in many cases, expensive. It is much easier to prevent their occurrence.

1. Watch out for your health. If the reason for the appearance of age spots - the presence of any disease, cosmetic procedures will help significantly. Sometimes dark spots disappear on their own when eliminating the root cause of illness (their appearance). The doctor will assign complex treatment (desensitization drugs, anthelmintic, antihistamines, etc.).

2. Properly and carefully care for the skin. It is no secret that age spots are more common in the well-groomed skin. Compared to the young (20-25 years), mature skin (55-60let) thinner than 3 times. It disrupted the synthesis of melanin. Regular maintenance extends the youth of the skin and prevent the appearance of age spots.
By the way, careful skin care needs of the body and hands. "Placer" pigmented spots on the shoulders and the back of beauty does not give (if you are certainly not a Brazilian actress), and age spots on hands will be given a date of birth!

3. Use a cream with sunscreen. From April-May until September or October, apply day cream with UV protection. The degree of protection depends on your tsvetotipa. Even tanned need such creams. Currently sunscreen - a comprehensive tool for the protection and skin care. Many women mistakenly believe that sunscreen be applied only on holiday by the sea. The city, on the way to work, enough for 20-30 minutes to the sun's rays "do their dirty work." Of course, age spots appear immediately, but do not be surprised when they "resurface" seemingly no apparent reason. Therefore, with the first rays of the bright sun change the usual day cream on cream with UV protection, especially if you are fair-skinned, have freckles or have performed whitening procedure.

Going to the sea, please be sunscreen, not only the proportion of persons, but also for the body. Remember the hand!

If you are planning a winter vacation in the mountains, remember that there the sun is not less active than the summer by the sea!

You visit a solarium? - Use special safety equipment.

Some people believe that "like cures like": the existing dark spots "Mask" under the tan. This is partly true, but when the tan "coming" age spots more noticeable.

4. Do not use sprays, tonics (especially citrus essential oils or perfume compositions) to refresh the face and body in the sun.

5. Apply perfume on the scalp or the inner bend of the elbow.

What to do if the image in the mirror is not happy? - Start the fight against pigmentation.

Auntie Asya skin

  Depending on the origin of pigment spots differently to treatment. The most stable and require long-term treatment - aging and sun pigmentation spots.

  Naturally, the majority of age spots and brightens the winter begins to darken with the first sun rays. Repeated exposures amplifies the intensity of age spots, and can form new ones.

  Due to the fact that has become known "chemical factory" for the production of melanin, the opportunity to influence the final result (pigmentation) at virtually all levels of melanin synthesis.

  Previously, for the purpose of skin whitening widely used mercury ointments and creams.

  Currently there are less toxic and more effective depigmenting (remove pigmentation) drugs .

On the mechanism of action of these drugs are divided into:

1. Inhibitors of the enzyme tyrosinase (ascorbic acid, arbutin, kojic acid);

2. Substances which suppress the synthesis of melanin reversibly (hydroquinone, azelaic acid, copper, zinc, iron).

  The most famous and effective substance that inhibits the synthesis of melanin, is Hydroquinone . Thus, hydroquinone is also the most toxic substance: it damages the melanocytes. Likewise hydroquinone can come from other cells, and skin. Toxic effect of hydroquinone due to the fact that it can penetrate into the bloodstream, getting into the deeper layers of skin. The result is that there may be various complications (dermatitis, allergic reactions, etc.).

  Hydroquinone is still widely used in Asia and Africa. In some European countries as hydroquinone is banned in cosmetics and may be used only under the supervision of and on prescription.

Arbutin   - An inhibitor of the enzyme tyrosinase. Recent data indicate that arbutin significantly reduces melanin synthesis. Unlike hydroquinone, arbutin is not toxic, does not damage the skin cells, "works" aiming to melanocytes.

  As the bleaching agent was first used and described in Japanese cosmetics. This substance - the leader among the bleaching agents used large Japanese cosmetic manufacturers.

  Arbutin - 100% natural product is obtained mainly from bearberry.

  Similarly operates kojic acid. Despite the good skin tolerance, kojic acid can cause redness, burning and peeling of the skin. Formulations with kojic acid is best used under the supervision of a beautician.

  In the cosmetic practice is widely used ascorbic acid (vitamin C ). The fact that products containing vit. With possess bleaching properties, it has been known for centuries (described bleaching properties of citrus fruits, sauerkraut, etc.). But to use ascorbic acid in its pure form was not possible because of the instability. Now this problem is solved.

  In addition it should be noted that vitamin C strengthens blood vessels, stimulating collagen synthesis, regeneration of the skin, has anti-edematous effect and antioxidant effect.

Cosmetic Practice

  For whitening treatments is the time - the autumn-winter period, during which reduced the effect of solar radiation on the skin.

  Bleaching treatments, as well as a cream to be applied under the control cosmetologist dermatologist. Separate "treatment" can only aggravate pigmentation or cause dermatitis. Do not start with a potent means unless they are prescribed by a doctor. The earlier start correction of age spots from the moment of their appearance, the better the outcome may be.

Basic rules of bleach programs

Typically, whitening procedure consists of two phases:

1. Peeling:

  - Laser:   under the influence of the finest laser beam vaporizes intradermal fluid - resulting in the formation of dry skin cells, which are sloughed off.

  The number and depth of the procedure determined by the physician. However, this procedure applies to the category of surgical and requires anesthesia, pretreatment and recovery period.

- Dermabrasion:   Pressure is applied to the skin of alumina powder, which is "scraping" the surface layer of epithelium. Desquamated cells with alumina powder are sucked from the surface of the skin using a vacuum. This procedure not only evens out the complexion, but also has a rejuvenating effect. However, such a procedure is "heavy" for dry and sensitive skin, rosacea does not apply to.

- Brossazh:   is the removal of the surface layer of skin cells with the help of hardware massage brushes. It does not require special conditions and preparation of the skin. Ineffective.

- chemical peels:   It has good whitening properties of chemical peel treatments. By using different acids (phenol, glycolic acid, trichloroacetic acid, fruit acids, etc.) removes surface layers of the skin.

  Maybe: superficial (used alfakisloty - ANA), medium (trichloroacetic acid) and deep (phenolic acids).

  Acids evenly exfoliate dead skin cells, thus providing an excellent result.

  This procedure should be carried out dermatologist! The number of sessions, the depth of peel and what to spend it - determined by the physician. Superficial peels can be done alone at home, adhering to general rules. Phenol peels toxic. In some cases, require rehabilitation (recovery) period.

  Keep in mind that no matter what method of exfoliation you would not have chosen, the skin after it is very vulnerable and often inflamed. If after the first procedure, you have achieved a good result and hoped for more, you know that after the 10-15-20 treatment the skin may lose the ability to recover. A vicious circle: peeling inflammation - increased pigmentation.

  Sensitive skin pigmentation is more suitable mild chemical peels enzymes than with manual cleaning procedures.

2. bleaching agent

  The use of bleaching creams affect melanin synthesis (with the above substances).

Bleach dry skin. Therefore, they should use the course. The bleaching agent should be applied under the day cream.

During whitening procedures should use sunscreen.

Cabin treatments (5-10) backed by home care.

Additional methods in the fight against pigmentation

1.   Previously widely used the following methods to combat pigmentation:

- 1 tbsp + 3% peroxide, 1/3 tsp ammonia. From this mixture, lotions made for 10 minutes. strictly on age spots! The mixture may overdry the skin. Apply the second half of the day.

  This method causes a broad discussion among cosmetologists: someone says good results after use, someone - a significant side-effects!

- Rub in the area of ​​pigmented spots 2% mercury ointment. Mercury ointment should not be used without the allergy tests! Her pre-applied to a small area of ​​the elbow for 24 hours. If one day there will be no changes, the ointment can be applied. It should be noted that mercury is toxic enough, and use this cream is contraindicated: pregnant women, nursing, people suffering from diseases of the kidneys, liver, diseases of the gums. Mercury creams and ointments applied a strictly limited period of time (no more than 6-7 days) and not applied to wet skin immediately after a bath or shower after sauna, bath, solarium.

  Mercury-containing cream is better to choose fat-based. Toxic substances in such cream penetrates relatively little into the body.

- Wipe the skin with salicylic alcohol.

  The above funds have a pronounced irritant effect and may enhance pigmentation!

  These methods should be applied is limited in time and under the supervision of a dermatologist, cosmetologist.

2. There is a special medical cosmetics based salicyl alcohol, lactic acid, citric acid, hydrogen peroxide. However, this makeup quickly loses its bleaching properties. It requires a special approach and control.

3. It helps to cope with pigmentation cryotherapy. Liquid nitrogen is applied directly to the area of ​​pigmentation. Depigmenting agents are used in parallel in order to avoid re-staining.

4. Phototherapy - elimination of pigment spots under the influence of pulsed light without damaging the skin. The laser emits light at specific wavelengths to which the pigment is sensitive skin. A slight reddening of the skin that occurs after the procedure takes place within 2-3 days. Suffice 2-4 treatments with an interval of 2 weeks.

5. Brown spots pregnancy do not require medical treatment. Adjustments will be necessary if after the first postpartum menstrual pigmentation has not disappeared. During pregnancy quite safe cosmetic creams and masks and be sure to use sunscreen (with an SPF factor of at least 25-30). Choose sunscreens containing mineral filters (zinc oxide and titanium dioxide), as These substances have the least irritating.

Pregnant women are counter whitening cream -   they irritate and dry the skin. Especially during pregnancy and lactation are counter means with mercury. The active ingredients of bleaching creams can actively penetrate into the mother's body that can be harmful to the fetus.

The best way to combat pigmentation in pregnancy - skin protection from ultraviolet radiation. Wear sunglasses - proved that the sun's rays that affect the retina, promote pigmentation.

6. You can lighten the skin with mesotherapy, when administered by intradermal microinjection bleach cocktails.

Home Recipes

1. Our mothers and grandmothers used to wash milk whey or yogurt. Make gadgets of sauerkraut juice, juice of fresh cucumber. Imposes the following mask:

- 3 tsp toloknyanoy or rice flour 1 teaspoon + apple cider vinegar 1 teaspoon + honey mixed until homogeneous pasty state. The mixture was applied to the face for 20-30 minutes and washed with water;

- 1 egg white 1 teaspoon + cream or sour cream + 0, 5 tsp apple cider vinegar. Creamed mixture applied on the face for 30 minutes and wash off with water.

- Cucumber juice blended with curd into a homogeneous mass, and applied for 20-30 minutes and then washed. Instead, you can use cucumber aloe, red or black currants. Instead of cheese you can use thick cream.

- Cucumber rubbed on a fine grater, and this slurry was applied for 20 minutes.

- Baby soap rubbed on a grater and mixed with hydrogen peroxide and a few drops of ammonia.

- Postnatal age spots removed with a mixture of milk and alcohol (3: 1).

- Wipe stains fresh berry juice (especially strawberries) or birch sap.

2. Wipe face with lemon juice and parsley (1: 1). If you have dry skin with a mixture of juice wipe only place pigmentation. This mixture can be applied to a nourishing cream.

3. Wipe face decoction of the roots of parsley (100 g. To 500 ml. Of water).

4. Gently wipe the dark spots radish juice or the juice of a dandelion.

5. Use kaolin (white clay) as a mask. To the kaolin can add lemon juice, sour cream.

10g. Mix the yeast with 1ch.l. lemon juice. Apply the mixture for 20 minutes.

7. 1st. l. cottage cheese mixed with 10 drops of ammonia and hydrogen peroxide. The mixture was cast on for 15-20 minutes.

8. Clean dark spots grated horseradish juice diluted with water (1: 1).

9. Excellent results can be obtained by wiping the face of a decoction of herbs: celandine, bearberry, licorice, yarrow. They are rich in flavonoids and hydroquinone derivatives.

10. Bleaching properties of essential oil of citrus (lemon, petit grain, grapefruit, orange, bergamot, mandarin), thanks to the member of those vit. S. and lavender essential oil. But it should be remembered that these essential oils in the sun have photosensitizing properties (increase exposure and sunburn)!

eleven. Excellent bleach skin mask with exotic fruits: papaya, mango, pineapple. These fruits are rich in fruit acids, which have a peeling effect. Of the more "native" fruits stand the same purpose can be used grapes (particularly white varieties), apples (preferably green variety), strawberries and citrus fruits. Remember that these masks dries the skin and must be used very carefully when dry and sensitive skin.

12. Mix 1ch.l. lemon juice, apple cider vinegar and boiled water. Wipe clean with a daily dark spots.

13. For oily skin, you can apply powder concoctions with 3% hydrogen peroxide solution. The homogeneous heated mixture is rubbed into the pigment spots. Do not use this mask at elevated pilosis and rosacea.

14. Mix 1 SL parsley juice and 1 SL honey. The mixture was put on face for 20-30 minutes. If added to the mixture of lemon juice, the mask keep no more than 15 minutes!

15. If worried about pigmentation on hands, should take special whitening program for hands. Normally this peeling and bleaching agents.

Hands need daily care. Frequent formation of age spots can be used bleaching cream for hands constantly. When working in the garden should use protective hand cream. Under intensive sunshine on the hand should be applied sunscreen!
Author: Valery Maslov