When looking at a display of the overseas delicacies, you figure out what I could buy and cook for dinner (and tasty and useful), remember our simple traditional cereals. That's really really - food for health and beauty!
The usefulness of cereals digestive tract proved repeatedly and can not be questioned, and hence a direct benefit to the skin, hair, and for the harmony of shapes that did not talk about the fact that "from cereals fattening."
History porridge goes into the deep past. At the time, the porridge was a ritual meal, porridge sacrificed to the gods of agriculture and cattle breeding our ancestors, in more recent times did not avoid cereals or nobles or the common people. Addicted to a particular type of porridge did not arise out of nowhere. So, the British for centuries like porridge, while the Japanese, Vietnamese and other residents of the East can not live a day without rice dishes, popular in Moldova hominy (corn porridge), Ukrainians prefer buckwheat, etc. In general, we love and eat that was grown and eaten by our ancestors!
Now the wealth of cereals in our services, and, of course, we strive to select the most useful, the one that will give health, energy, beauty, and will not add extra inches at the waist.
Choose the best
The basis of any cereal - all kinds of cereals. All grains are rich in complex carbohydrates - the main source of energy required person on a daily basis. Grains consist of ears, cover (bran), the endosperm (floury kernel) and the fetus. During the processing of a grain shed husk, and they are suitable for human consumption. The most useful cereal from whole grains (not crushed), they contain large amounts of vitamins and minerals, vegetable oils, cellulose and protein.
Probably the most popular cereal, especially in women who want to have a beautiful, smooth, tender skin. Oatmeal contains a lot of silicon and zinc, dietary fiber, protein, phosphorous, fluorine, iodine, iron, sodium, zinc, and magnesium. From oatmeal contains vitamins E, K, and vitamin B, among which the most notable biotin - vitamin responsible for clarity and firmness of the skin. Porridge oats useful as a prevention of heart disease, is a good helper in dealing with stress. Oat bran lowers blood cholesterol levels.
Buckwheat holds first place among all the cereals content of B vitamins, which help to strengthen the nervous system and have a beneficial effect on skin, hair and nails. Many buckwheat trace elements (iron, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iodine, phosphorus, cobalt, etc.), Vegetable proteins, vitamins (except for group B, more P, PP et al.), Various amino acids and more of the payload mass. But the fat in buckwheat quite a bit, and calories, too, so it is widely used in dietary and recommended to combat obesity. Buckwheat is an excellent adsorbent helps eliminate harmful substances from the body, so it is particularly useful to residents of megacities with bad ecology.
• Rice porrige
In many Asian countries, rice is considered the "eastern grain" and feed them daily. The Japanese believe that rice lies one of the secrets of their longevity, for rice, supplemented by other components - vegetables, seafood - the basis of the traditional food in Japan. Well, such a diet is almost perfect, because is rich with all necessary materials and at the same time does not lead to overweight. The structure of rice has 8 essential amino acids, high in potassium, phosphorus, zinc, iron, calcium and iodine, vitamin C. The only trouble if you cook porridge refined white rice, then all of these nutrients in it will be almost no!
The use of rice is highly dependent on the degree of processing of grain
. The more it is processed, there is less of trace elements and vitamins. Brown rice is polished, it retains a brownish scaly shell which is mainly concentrated and above certain nutrients. So, the degree of utility, it is possible to build a chain - brown, parboiled, dlinnozernovoy rice (it is smaller than fall apart, and it has a low glycemic index), all polished.
• Wheat cereals
Delicious and incredibly useful. Wheat cereals contain iron, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, trace elements and vitamins (including B6 and B12), it is easy to digest, despite the large amount of fiber in grains. Eating porridge of wheat helps to keep the digestive tract in good condition, to avoid constipation and stomach dysfunction. High levels of choline (a substance that regulates fat metabolism) making wheat porridge is very attractive from the point of view of maintaining harmony. In wheat porridge also present vitamins A and E, improves the appearance of the skin and has beneficial effects on vision.
• Millet porridge
Millet porridge - one of the oldest cereals, made from millet. This gruel provides the body many nutrients - iron, fluorine, magnesium, manganese, silicon. Is there vitamins B, vitamin A, PP, fiber, amino acids are useful. Substances contained in millet grits, have the ability to bind and remove heavy metal ions. Millet porridge a positive effect on the digestive system and is in this respect a dietary product. The energy value of millet porridge is quite large, but it does not prevent its use in the menu slimming - by lowering the level of cholesterol in the blood, clean blood vessels, slows the deposition of fat in the tissues, which positively affects the process of losing weight
• Corn porridge
Polenta is cooked from the crushed corn grits. In addition to the wonderful flavor corn porridge has many useful properties. Useful properties due to the presence of corn gruel vitamins B, E, A, C, PP, as well as the presence of iron, potassium, magnesium and others. Is vitamin K in maize (mostly greenery characteristic) - a fat-soluble vitamin that plays an important role in blood clotting. Regular use of it in food normalizes digestive system, helps cleanse the stomach and intestines. But the energy value of corn porridge is not great, so it occupies the first position among other dietary cereals, nutritionists advise to include in the menu maize porridge with a view to lose weight.
• Barley porridge
The well-known pearl barley is nothing more than processed grain barley
. In Russia, "pearls" named Pearl, and given the unique vitamin composition of this cereal, barley justifies the title of "pearls"
. Is it the B vitamins and vitamins A, E, D
. The pearl barley a lot of trace elements - iron, calcium, copper, iodine, a lot (in comparison with other cereals), phosphorus
. Another advantage of pearl barley - the presence of lysine, an amino acid that has antiviral effect, supports vitality, keeps the heart healthy and actively involved in the production of collagen, which is known to make the skin smooth and elastic
. But, in addition, barley porridge of great wishing to lose weight, because the low-calorie
. Yes, to prepare a delicious barley porridge, you need to tinker (grits soak for a few hours, for a long time to cook), but is beauty and harmony is not worth the "victims"?
• Barley porridge
Another porridge from barley grain, softer than barley, and of the benefits it is quite comparable. Barley porridge is composed of a large number of vitamins, including vitamins A, B, D, E, PP., Trace elements, including a large amount of phosphorus. The presence of barley porridge bolus of fiber makes it the principal assistant in the restoration of normal functioning of the stomach and intestines.
Cosmetics of cereals
In principle, any microbrews and warm porridge can already be used as a mask, putting her ample layer on the face and wash with warm water after 15-20 minutes. By adding different ingredients - honey, milk, dairy products, fruit and fruit juices - we can make masks of cereals, various additional properties or enhance the already inherent in them, bleaching, softening, moisturizing, nourishing, pull-up, etc.
When the porridge to the detriment of the figure!
Is it possible to overweight, if included in the diet of porridge? Yes, of course you can, if you have them in immoderate quantity! After all, we mostly get better, not because we eat the wrong foods, and due to the fact that the number of calories eaten exceeds energy expenditure.
Judging by the table calorie cereals (namely cereals, instead of cereal!), Very low-calorie is boiled in water boiled rice (117 calories per 150 grams. Porridge), about the same caloric value from corn porridge, and then goes oatmeal on the water (132 kcal ), buckwheat viscous water (135 kcal), followed by wheat, barley, barley, millet. It should be remembered, friable porridge more calories than viscous. Cooked milk calories than gruel on the water, but if the porridge generously fill with oil, and it is necessary to take into account the calorie oil, determining your daily diet.
It is difficult to identify the most useful of cereals, but the sum of the qualities and physicians, nutritionists and most useful among cereals still believe buckwheat. Second place was shared between oatmeal and barley porridge. And the third - Fig.
Without a doubt, all useful porridge, each in their own way, do not be afraid to include them their menus, but keep in mind that all the food should be varied and balanced, so that leave space for other useful products.