"While the white death is considered to be the salt and sugar, cocaine can sleep peacefully." (Joke)
So many diets to combat obesity, contain restrictions on the use of salt, and some have put a ban on it. Whether so it is justified? How is it that such a valuable and seemingly indispensable product in the minds of many people suddenly become like poison?
From ancient times, salt attributed the most amazing properties: in some cultures, she played the role of magic in the other - to fulfill the role of money. On the salt to take an oath of fidelity, because she fought, she was the cause of "salt" of riots caused by high taxes on salt (for example, in Moscow in 1648).
Salt was once a very expensive commodity. She served on the table in expensive salt cellars, took care of her, garnered the future, it boasted: the presence of salt on the table was a sign of wealth and prosperity. The value of salt has created a series of proverbs, aphorisms, which underscored the deeper meaning of salt in a person's life. Dear guests, greeted with bread and salt, and to get to know people, we suggest to eat a peck of salt with him.
And suddenly, in the middle of the last century with a light hand of some naturopaths table salt dubbed the "white death", and that there is an assertion so far. Sol declared culprit of hypertension, renal failure, coronary heart disease and obesity. This is partly true, but to call on absolutely everyone to avoid salt - this is a clear inflection. In fact, even pure water, drunk in the amount of 12-15 liters, may cause the death of, well, salt, if it is to eat 250-300 grams. also becomes a deadly poison.
Recently, salt gradually loses its grim title of "white death", because as it turned out, her fault in the development of various diseases is somewhat exaggerated. But damage to the hard and long salt-free diet is not currently in doubt.
Insufficient salting on the table ...
Sol just vital to us. Without it can not exist without a living cell, the level of salt in our blood is constant, and its lack of body compensates for the destruction of bone and muscle tissue, and is taken from sodium chloride, when its concentration in the blood falls. In the chronic shortage of salt in the body can even be fatal. A person can withstand the complete absence of salt in the diet is not more than 10 - 11 days.
Some of the salt we get to the food, and some experts now believe that it is sufficient human and artificially added to food salt becomes one of the causes of arthritis, kidney stones, hypertension, etc.
. Maybe this is true to some extent for the people who receive adequate nutrition, which is present in the diet, and meat, and dairy and vegetable food
. But if you stick to a vegetarian diet, or simply decided for some time to sit on a vegetable diet to lose weight and improvement, the rejection of the salt is very dangerous
. Because salt is not only attached to a specific food and drink taste
. She takes an active part in the life processes of the body: supports the constancy of the osmotic pressure of blood plasma and tissue fluids, is the material from which is formed in the stomach hydrochloric acid, plays an important role in the balance of water and salt balance
. In plants, very little sodium chloride
. Sodium chloride in plants contained mainly in the leaves
. Sodium ions having no functional role for the reproduction of plants not transported from the leaves of any germs or in grain or in fruit
. As long as humanity has lived by hunting and animal husbandry, salt in food we have enough, but when switched to sedentary lifestyle and agriculture, the need for additional sources of salt - there was a custom prisalivaem food during cooking or in the finished dish
The lack of salt can lead to depression, nervous and mental diseases, digestive disorders and cardiovascular activity, muscle cramps, osteoporosis. We constantly lose sodium chloride through the urinary system and through perspiration, and to maintain a balance on a daily basis the amount needed to replenish the body.
But overdo it in this matter should not be.
Where is oversalting?
The overabundance of salt in the diet is also harmful, as well as its weakness. Accustomed to salt everything, we create problems for yourself: the excess salt, to a certain extent, contributes to hypertension and hypertension drugs disturb the functioning of receptors that regulate the process of water-salt metabolism. But because salt is not the only, and perhaps not the main cause of hypertension. Japanese researcher H. Giraga found a curious pattern - not all patients with hypertension respond to the content of salt in the diet. In some decrease in the amount of salt in the diet has a beneficial effect on other practically no influence. It turns out, sensitive to the concentration of salt in the food is determined by genetic characteristics, and more.
What is the daily rate of salt for a healthy and fulfilling life?
On average, the need for sodium chloride of about 6-10 g per day, most researchers believed. In the southern countries it is higher in the north - just below.
Salt and slimming
Sodium restricted diet
addressed to people with chronic diseases (cardiovascular system and kidneys), to apply such a diet to lose weight or get rid of cellulite, at least, unjustified.
Of course, some connection of salt with excess weight is! After salt irritates the taste buds language, salty food tastes better, and it can eat more. Fresh, unsalted food does not cause appetite - that's the weight loss!
Well, something else will be able to lose some kilos due to the excretion of fluids from the body, but are you sure that this extra fluid? Perhaps this will turn weight loss dehydration or even worse consequences. With such extreme methods of weight loss in addition to the water from the body and out the vital elements, including sodium, chloride, potassium, magnesium. For good reason salt-free diet (for those who really need it) is preferably carried out only under medical supervision.
To salt or not to salt the food addition - a matter of taste
. Analyze your diet
. If it includes products such as sausages, canned food, fish, etc.
. Containing large amounts of salt for flavor and preservation, probably no more salt you do not need
. Various modifications of the sodium contained in taste and seasoning semis, and now benefits from them certainly no no
. If you have swollen feet on the background of a fruit and vegetable diet, you may not excess in the body of sodium and potassium
. Because of swelling, that is
. removal of excess fluid in the extracellular space, blood regulates electrolyte balance
. But the accumulation of salts in the body (gout) is absolutely not directly related to the amount of salt you eat every day
. The chemical composition of the salts that are deposited in the human body is different from the composition of edible salt
. Therefore, a diet with limited salt intake does not affect the problem in any way, although pickles and marinades doctors still advised to limit
. Diseases of the joints (arthritis and arthrosis) can also have a different cause and are not treated salt-free diet
The conclusion is clear: do not pull salt on the role of "white death", but as they say, in all the measure is necessary! And salt is no exception. Use common sense and listen to your body, solite, but do not overdo ...