In the Atkins diet has many supporters, but there is criticism. What we have seen the advantage of low-carb food system?
Overweight, more often, accompanied by such diseases as type 2 diabetes. Those who are familiar with diabetes who have diabetes in the family or among friends, they know how dangerous this disease. If left untreated, and let things take their course, the consequences can be very sad: from nerve damage, vision loss to death. And you can not underestimate the danger of diabetes. Although frightening, we also do not want anyone.
The good news - observing a certain diet and motor activity, you can maintain the quality of life and are no different from those who do not suffer from diabetes. So the main thing for diabetics - it is, of course, food.
When my mom put this diagnosis, then immediately warned that the urgent need to change the diet. Fortunately, her condition was not running, the disease had only just begun. She was offered a low-carbohydrate diet. We certainly do not believe that only one power can solve the problem. But what was our surprise when, after 2 months of this power not only lost my mother a few extra kilos, but the level of blood sugar in it became normal.
Surprisingly, in this case that the mother was advised to diet, the opposite to what is usually advised for diabetics - most diabetics are advised to diet high in carbohydrates and low in fat. It is fair to say that in recent years the approach to this still changing. But while few people know that it is a low-carb diet - the best for diabetics.
Diabetes occurs when the body stops producing the hormone insulin or properly use it. Insulin in turn helps to process the sugar from the food and convert it into energy. In diabetics, insulin is not doing its job properly and blood sugar levels can become dangerously high.
Since the 70s of the last century diabetics recommend eating low-fat, due to heart disease, to which diabetics are more prone. A controlled insulin injections of insulin. Thus, a basic requirement for food was - a low fat content. Calories are the same as those before the patient receives from fat, calories from carbohydrates replaced. Ideally, if it would be whole grains, vegetables, fruits and nuts. But often the calories come from white bread and pasta.
The new approach also doctors who treat diabetes, the following: such a diet (high in carbohydrates and low in fat) can harm contrary diabetes. Instead, more and more professionals are advised to move to a low-carb diet. One that adhered to my mom, and she really helped.
And now for the
. This style food a lot of followers. But now there may be more. Because the power of Atkins - is not nothing but a low-carb diet that is so good at helping people with diabetes, as well as a good prevention of diabetes.
Of course, we know that carbohydrates - the perfect fuel for our body, it is a good source of energy, because they are easily converted to glucose. However, when we consume too many carbohydrates, you need insulin to its processing. But when it is insufficient, the sugar can no longer simply be processed, it penetrates into the whole body, and hence in the blood. Excess sugars stored as body fat, resulting in weight gain, but if added here elevated blood sugar levels, we have developing type 2 diabetes.
Science - for!
Of course, do not get too believe the individual cases, one of which (the story of my mother) I have described. It is necessary to weigh all the "pros" and "cons". Let's weigh.
Tony Leeds, a specialist in obesity Whittington Hospital, London:
The old notion that a diet high in carbohydrates are suitable for people with diabetes, it is not true. They often lead to a deterioration even symptoms. New research shows that the best diet showed itself, where the amount of carbohydrates is reduced and the amount of protein increases slightly. And it's usually better power to adopt not only diabetes, but also to all the people, because it guarantees a decrease in blood glucose and therefore insulin requirements
More in 2004 edition of Diabetes conducted a study, which also showed that the low-carb diet is good for patients with type 2 diabetes. According to the study, the patients reduced blood sugar levels after 5 weeks of low-carbohydrate diet. If consume per day less than 30 grams of carbohydrates during the year, it leads to not only reduce blood sugar and fat (triglycerides) and grows good cholesterol.
The American Diabetes Association in 2008 changed its recommendations for patients and is now considered a low-carb diet - effective treatment for type 2 diabetes, particularly in obese people.
Tom Sanders, a professor at King's College London:
For diabetics crucial normal weight. So you should follow the diet and physical activity on a regular basis. As for the low-carbohydrate diets - I can not advise this for all. But such a diet can benefit those who want to keep the weight under control. For type 1 diabetes low-carb diet and is not shown.
Deepa Harty, clinical consultant:
Carbohydrates are an important fuel, especially for the brain, and they also contain fiber, which is important for healthy bowel. If you decide to try a low-carb diet, check first with a dietician. One of the side effects of low-carbohydrate diets - hypoglycemia when blood sugar levels drop too low, leading to headache, constipation and lack of concentration.
How to hang in grams
So, it is clear that we should not blindly rush into the power of Atkins. It is, in principle, for any diet is not helpful. But there is a lot of evidence that low-carbohydrate diet is a good effect for diabetics type 2. For example, Tony Leeds (words which we have already cited) and does believe that in 5 years, the Atkins diet is the official diet for diabetics type 2.
It remains to be seen low in carbohydrates - this is how much? Find any recommendations in grams is almost not possible. Because some physicians advise to only 30 grams per day, while others - 300. But most of all meets the following recipe: 120 grams per day, this includes black bread, green vegetables and beans.
Rather, everything is very individual, and count grams of carbohydrates is not necessary, only need to follow these simple tips:
- Diabetics need to monitor the level of carbohydrates, but not excessively. Completely deprive yourself of carbohydrates can not.
- Eat smaller portions of carbohydrates, limit the consumption of sugary drinks, including fruit juices (only 1 cup a day).
- If the meat - the lean, butter rule. Permitted fish.
- Think not about the number of carbohydrates and fats, and that the food was healthy: raw foods, organic fruits and vegetables, no semi-finished products.
In conclusion, I would like to wish you all health and happiness. My mother still urges to follow her example. She says that the low-carb meals helped her stop the development of diabetes without side effects. "If I become obeszhirennoy follow a diet, I somehow convinced that the level of sugar in the blood now I still would have been high. So I can only recommend a low-carbohydrate diet, "- words of my mother.