The summer - all hands on deck for the sweat glands. Sweating - a natural and necessary process in our body. Sweaty palms and armpits - a normal physiological process, so embarrassing, not only young girls!
In the human body 3-4 million sweat glands, which are divided into two main types: eccrine (ekzokrinovye) and apocrine.
. They are arranged over the entire surface of the body, but particularly on their feet, hands, face, chest, back and underarms. The eccrine glands are very active, because their main task - to maintain a constant body temperature (
). To do this, they secrete a clear, odorless liquid that helps to cool the body by evaporation. The following tasks eccrine glands: remove toxins (waste products of metabolism), and moisturize the skin. Interestingly, on the palms and soles of the sweating process is continuous. In these areas does not increase sweating under high temperature, but easily amplified under the influence of emotions (mental sweating).
These are cancer - the cause of excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis).
much less, and they are located in inguinal and axillary regions of the skin of the perineum and genitals, the areola of the breast.
Prior to the onset of puberty apocrine glands do not function. That is why children do not happen gidradenity (purulent inflammation of the sweat glands), and healthy babies smell good even in strong sweating.
Apocrine glands secrete a totally different kind of liquid. Sweat itself is odorless. It is sterile and 98% water. Together with water sweat glands secrete metabolic products are biodegradable, and that causes the evaporation of the odorant (methanol, acetone, etc.). It apocrine sweat glands in contact with the bacteria becomes a source of body odor.
These glands determine the individual smell of a man who is one of the main reasons in choosing its second half. Scientists believe that the unconscious orientation of smell helps to identify the most suitable partner to genetics.
Does the smell of sweat and a partner in the sexual desire by increasing or decreasing it. Therefore, these glands are called glands sexual odor glands secrete pheromones.
By the way, the smell of male sweat is different from women's. On the skin, women predominate saprophytes (organisms related to the coccal microflora), and on the skin of men - lipophilic diphtheroids. And sweaty men by 40-45% more than women.
In any case, individual body odor is needed.
Its flavor depends on many factors: the chemical composition of the secretions of sweat glands, sex, age, food, activity of bacteria living on the skin, our health, hormonal processes. For example, monthly hormonal fluctuations affect the female body is not only the well-being, mood, and body odor. In the middle of the cycle (at ovulation) the smell of sweat is more pronounced because of the increase in the concentration of hormones. The very nature involve inherent in this period of "special" of the opposite sex for the purpose of procreation!
Changes in body odor may be indicative of many problems in the body. A skilled doctor can even put the smell of sweat diagnosis. Bad breath is accompanied by some mental patients. Also, the smell may be eczema, herpes zoster, scabies, ulcers. The unpleasant smell of sweat can cause chronic irritation, insomnia, depression. There is even a medical term "osmidroz" (unpleasant smell). Osmidroz sometimes seen in young girls with menstrual irregularities. Sometimes the smell of sweat becomes the smell of urine (uridroz) in renal disease.
Very often, the unpleasant smell of sweat indicates slagging of the body or digestive diseases related to food stagnation. Avoid constipation, and if losing weight, try to eat fiber, which will clean the intestines.
Hot, spicy, smoked food spoosbstvuet sweating and gives a peculiar smell sweat. Odorous substance onions and garlic may be released in sweat for a few days after eating!
Therefore it is necessary to take into account the presence of spices in the food, if you plan to spend time with a loved one, or you will be an important meeting, even a couple of days.
For breast-feeding women smell of sweat (the body) - one of the main reasons for the lack of appetite in the baby. The sharp smell of the body can fight off the desire to "eat" a baby, especially if the smell of sweat, "masked" deodorant! But more on that below.
In recent years become isolated and mixed,
cancer. These glands are formed in puberty from eccrine glands, and are located in areas of the body covered by hair (armpits, genitals and perineum).
All kinds of sweat glands are activated by the nervous system. The intensity of sweating depends on the temperature (both external and internal), type of clothing, physical activity and over nutrition, gender, age, health ...
Normally, during the day a person identifies 2-3 glasses of sweat, but in the heat and physical activity, this process increases and can reach 5-8 liters per day! In the intensive work includes all the sweat glands, especially those areas of the body that are responsible for thermoregulation (the forehead, temples, back of the head, neck, chest, back, shoulders and hips).
Violations of the natural sweating:
1. anhidrosis - the complete absence of sweating.
2. Gipogidroz - reduced activity of sweat glands.
3. hyperhidrosis - excessive sweating.
All these states are unpleasant and even dangerous. For example, anhidrosis often accompanies lung cancer. Hyperhidrosis, as a rule, shall not be a threat to life, but for sweating can hide diabetes, tuberculosis, diseases of the nervous or endocrine systems.
In these forms, and if you sweat stands out in a cool room or at low temperatures; except the temperature increases sweating, dizziness, heart palpitations; Sweat has a different color, acts as a "salt", causes skin irritation, has an unpleasant smell, it should go to the doctor.
Doctor will prescribe a comprehensive treatment depending on the root causes of violations of sweating. For the treatment of excessive sweating ointments and creams containing formaldehyde, a compound of aluminum, zinc, talc, etc. When sweating palms and feet are widely used iontophoresis with anticholinergic drugs. In some cases, doctors may recommend injections of Botox (reduces sweating at the site of injections) and, in extreme cases, even surgery.