According to biblical legend, the first plant, which Noah planted after the flood, there was a vine, which he saw himself to Mount Ararat. And then I began to grow. Other Biblical legend tells that the trees choosing a king, offered the royal crown vine.

In the Old Testament grapes symbolized the Tree of Life. In Christianity, the vine symbol of the spiritual life. But the story started much earlier vintage.

Grapes are one of the oldest plants. Grape seeds have been found in the lake dwellings of Switzerland and the Middle East have grown grapes 7000 - 9000 years ago. Viticulture and winemaking were known already in the IV century BC. e. Mesopotamia, Assyria, Babylon. Ancient Egyptians hundreds of years before the new era dedicated vine god Osiris, as the ancient Greeks and Romans, it was dedicated to the god of wine Dionysus in Greece and Bacchus in Rome. "The way of life passes through the grapes," - said the ancient Romans. In ancient Rome, it was cultivated over a hundred varieties of grapes. Grape wine was used in the sacrifices, because it looked like blood. It is difficult to find even one Greek myth, which would directly or indirectly mentioned grape vine, grape wine.

Vitis vinifera - V. Vinifera   - Perennial deciduous woody vine of the family Vinogradov -Vitaceae. The core of the stems brown or yellowish-brown. Growing shoots very quickly, over the summer to grow a few meters. The length of the vines can reach 30 meters. The vine climbs up the supports using tendrils entwine around them. Antennae of grapes is not nothing but a modified inflorescences, which are formed on the stem opposite leaves in the upper part of the shoot.

   The leaves are glossy, large, rounded simple, dissected, five-lobed petioles. In the summer the leaves bright or dark green, and in autumn are painted in sunny orange and purple tones. Small green fragrant flowers are collected in paniculate inflorescences, which are attached to the stem opposite the petiole. Flowering vines in May and June. The fruits vary in size, shape, taste, fleshy with a hard skin, green, off-white, pink, yellow or dark red berries, with a wax coating to form loose clusters.

In Russia, it is cultivated in the southern part of the Caucasus, in the gardens of divorce and in central Russia. It is used as an ornamental plant.

Grapes are not picky about soil, relatively hardy, but it needs to mature in early spring and long warm autumn. Propagated vine cuttings. There are also about 60 wild species of grapes, which at the time were the basis for the creation of cultivars.

   In cooking, medicine and cosmetics used grape fruit and leaves.

Grape pulp contains vitamins A, B1, B2, B5, B6, B9, E, PP, P, C, colorants and flavorings, sugar, pectin, tartaric acid, malic acid and other organic acid, about 80% water, and a significant amount of trace elements - sodium, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, manganese, iron, zinc, copper ...

More ancient Greeks and Romans knew the beneficial effects of grapes on the body and it is widely used in medical practice.

Grapes has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, regenerating properties.

   Grape juice and wine strengthen the immune system, lower blood pressure, doctors cardiovascular system, increase the level of hemoglobin and red blood cells, accelerate metabolism, increase bile formation and bile excretion, struggling with intestinal bacteria, strengthen the nerves, reduce the risk of blood clots and cholesterol plaques .

The course of treatment usually lasts grapes month. On the day eaten from 1 to 2 kg grapes in several portions.

Fresh berries and grape juice treat atherosclerosis, ischemia, asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, rheumatic vascular disease, liver disease and kidney failure, allergies, radiation sickness, cancer, anemia and more.

The pulp and juice of the grapes used in folk cosmetics . They improve skin elasticity, tone, smooth wrinkles, hydrate and rejuvenate it.

- Moisturizing composition
1 tbsp. spoonful of grape juice mixed with 1 tbsp. olive oil and 5-6 drops of Vitamin E in the oil. Use to cleanse dry skin. The resulting mixture can be used as make-up remover, and just to cleanse dry skin.

- Purifying Mask
Take ½ cup of fresh grape juice, add 2 drops of lemon and 1 teaspoon of honey, stir and put on the face several layers. Rinse with water at room temperature.

- For dry, normal and combination skin
Ripe juicy berries pitted mash well and apply on face for 15 minutes. Wash with boiled water at room temperature.

- Grape mask for oily skin
2 tbsp. tablespoons of grape juice mixed with 1 beaten egg white and add the starch to form a slurry. Apply on face for 15 minutes, rinse with water at room temperature.

- Rejuvenating Mask from grapes
2st. tablespoons of grape juice mixed with 2 tbsp. tablespoons soft cheese and apply on face for 15 minutes. Wash off with a swab dipped in warm tea leaves of green tea. Lubricate the skin moisturizer. This mask is perfectly rejuvenate the neck and décolleté even heavily faded, if you make a course of masks 15 a day.
Author: Natalia Alexeeva