Blue cornflowers in Russia compared to the eyes of your favorite ...
Cornflowers sang poets, artists captured them on canvas.
About cornflower many legends. One of them - the ancient Greek, says the wise centaur Chiron was renowned ability to heal with herbs, and when Hercules wounded him with a poisoned arrow, he recovered from his wound a blue cornflower.
Hence, the scientific name of cornflower -
- Flower Centaur (Centaurus). And "tsianus", which means - blue.
Ancient tradition links the Russian name "cornflower" with the Greek word -
(bazalik), and a young man named Basil, who turned into a mermaid blue flower.
Vernacular cornflower: Voloshka, blueprints, sinetsvet, blavat, Rzhev color.
Centaurea cyanus L.
- One- or two-year herbaceous plant of the Asteraceae family. In cornflower thin taproot. Stem erect, branched from the middle, covered with fine hairs to 50-100cm tall.
Gray-green lower leaves, feathery petioles, upper and middle narrow, linear, slightly pubescent. The blue funnel-shaped flowers are collected into large solitary baskets, which are located on top of the branches and stems.
Cultural cornflowers come in different colors, from white and pink to yellow, burgundy, purple.
Cornflower blossoms from June to September. It is a good honey plant. Fruits yellowish gray pubescent achenes with pappus ripen in August and September. Propagated by seeds only.
Wild cornflower often seen in crops rye. It is said that in those camps, where no rye, no wild cornflowers. It grows as cornflower in wheat, alfalfa, at least on the slopes of ravines. In the old days of cornflowers made resistant paint, dyeing wool in blue and blue.
As a medicinal and ornamental plants grown cornflower people since ancient days. For medicinal and cosmetic purposes, in July and August harvested bright blue edge of the corolla without flower baskets. Rather, first disrupted the whole basket, and then pulls out her beaters edge blue flowers, without internal tube. Dry them in the shade, spread in a thin layer on the fabric and turning often. But it is easier and more reliable to buy a ready-made raw materials in the pharmacy.
vitamins - A, C, flavonoids, coumarins, cyanine, polysaccharides, tannins, essential oil, bitter substances, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron and copper.
They say that drugs for medical purposes cornflower prepared more mythical Asclepius, who later became the god of medicine. Medicinal properties of cornflower blue described in his writings of Pliny the Elder in and Aristotle.
Preparations from cornflower possess antimicrobial, disinfectant, diuretic, choleretic, antispasmodic, diaphoretic, astringent and toning properties.
Folk medicine used for diseases of the stomach, liver, gallbladder, kidney, urinary tract, pielitah, cystitis, urethritis, colds, acute respiratory diseases, cough, whooping cough, fever, rapid heartbeat, nerve disorder, headache, eye strain while.
Tea made from cornflower
1 teaspoon crushed dried raw materials to brew 1 cup boiling water, leave for half an hour, drain, take ¼ cup 4 times a day before meals.
- The infusion of marginal flowers are used for washes and lotions for the eyes.
- Lotions do as eczema and abrasions.
Cornflower blue flowers have long been used
in folk cosmetics
Compress, relieves irritation, fatigue, making the skin smooth and smooth fine lines
1 teaspoon of dry raw materials to brew 1 cup boiling water, leave for 20 minutes, drain. Soak a decoction of cornflower cheesecloth, folded in several layers and apply on skin for 15-20 minutes. Wash with water at room temperature.
- Fat porous skin rubbed a decoction of cornflower with the addition of vodka - on the 10st. spoonfuls of broth 1st. spoon of vodka.
1 tbsp. spoon flowers pour ¼ cup water, bring to a boil and simmer for 5 minutes, drain, add liquid, chopped on a coffee grinder oatmeal flakes and 1 teaspoon of honey, mix, apply on face for 10-15 minutes. Wash with water at room temperature.
Lotion of cornflowers
1 tbsp. cornflowers spoon sugar and 1 cup of boiled water, half an hour, strain, add 1st. spoonful of eau de cologne.
For smoothing of wrinkles
1 tablespoon dried flowers of cornflower pour ¼ cup of olive oil, to insist in a dark place 1 week, filter, lubricate the cleansed skin, including around the eyes.
Infusion for inflamed eyelids
½ teaspoon of raw sugar and ½ cup boiling water, leave for 20 minutes, drain, soak in the infusion cotton swabs and place on eyelids for 15-20 minutes.
- When hair loss and dandruff same infusion rubbed daily on the night of the scalp.
- If the skin is too oily and the hair quickly become greasy, they are useful to 2 times a week to wash the infusion of cornflower. 1 tbsp. a spoonful of dry raw materials to brew 2 cups boiling water, leave for 40 minutes. Wash hair infusion. The course of 15 procedures.