In ancient times on this day hostess cooked blackcurrant jam. Currant and now called super berry.
Although it began to grow in Europe relatively recently - in the Middle Ages. Documentary evidence suggests that he first began to cultivate currants from XI-XII centuries. But only in the late XVII century in Italy and France to black currants have shown interest already as a medicinal plant. But in the XVIII century it became widespread.
In Russia, currants cultivated since the XIX century. At first it was grown in monastery gardens in Novgorod and Pskov. It is said that in ancient times the Moscow River was completely covered with black currant bushes, and the old name of the river was - Smorodinovka. The scientific name of the plant comes from the Arabic word "Ribas", and given to the sour taste of currant berries, similar to rhubarb ("Ribes was Reumah").
Ribes nigrum L.
- Shrub of the family saxifrage with a reddish-brown or reddish-brown bark to 1 5-2metrov height. Currant shoots yellowish-gray, pubescent. Large fragrant dark green palmate-lobed leaves on petioles and have a pleasant aroma. From above they are naked, pubescent below.
The flowers are small, greenish-white bells with recurved sepals lilac, gathered in the drooping hand. Flowering currant in May and June. The fruit - fragrant polyspermous, black or dark purple, spherical berries ripen in July - August.
In the wild black currant grows almost throughout the European part of Russia, Siberia and the Caucasus. In the cities grow as an ornamental shrub cultivated in gardens.
Berries blackcurrant contain vitamins C, B6, B2, B9, P, D, E, K, sugar, citric acid, malic acid, tannins, pectin, chlorophyll, carotenoids, trace elements - iodine, manganese, iron, potassium, phosphorus, copper cobalt ... currant buds and leaves contain vitamin C, essential oils, phenolic compounds, volatile.
For therapeutic purposes,
used berries, leaves and buds. In medieval Europe, the leaves and berries of black currant have been used to treat kidney stones, liver disease, and respiratory tract. In the Ancient Rus currants as a medicinal plant mentioned in the medical manual and Trawniki XV - XVI centuries.
In today's folk medicine currant is used as an antimicrobial, diaphoretic, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, anti-rheumatic, anti-sclerotic, anti-diabetic, choleretic, tonic, restorative, hormonal agent.
Blackcurrant juice treat headaches, high blood pressure, multiple sclerosis, gastritis with low acidity, stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers, prostatitis, cancer, gout, rheumatism, heel spurs, exhaustion. A decoction of the leaves is used for tuberculosis of the lymph nodes.
A decoction of the leaves.
3 tbsp. tablespoons crushed black currant leaves put in a thermos, pour 2 cups boiling water, leave for 40-50 minutes, drain, take ½ cup 4 times a day for half an hour before meals.
The broth from the berries
. 10-12 berries brew in a thermos 2 cups boiling water and infuse overnight. Strain, take ½ cup 4 times a day in between meals.
In the old days in the decoction of the leaves of currants scrofulous children bathed.
Currants - one of the best folk cosmetics
Because it contains a high concentration of a substance required for the synthesis of collagen skin, helps to restore skin, has a nourishing and moisturizing effect.
Masks and decoctions of currants stimulate blood circulation, regulate fat and water balance, have anti-inflammatory and tonic effect, narrow pores.
Vitamin and moisturizing mask of currants for dry skin
. A handful of currants or mince pound, add 1 teaspoon of honey and sour cream so as to obtain a creamy mass. Apply to face, neck, chest for 15-20 minutes, rinse with warm brew of weak green tea. Apply nourishing cream.
- Currant juice lightens age spots and freckles. To do this the right places rubbed juice several times a day.
- Whitens skin and mask nedospevshih berries blackcurrant. To do this they need to be crushed and mixed with honey 1: 1. Keep on the face for 10-15 minutes. Rinse with water at room temperature.
The mask for dry, aging skin
. A handful of black currant berries crushed and mixed with yogurt or yogurt 1: 1. Apply on face for 15-20 minutes. Wash off with a cotton swab dipped in the broth from the leaves of black currant.
Mask, anti-aging, for all skin types
. Currants through a meat grinder, put between layers of gauze and apply on face for 20-25 minutes. Wash with water at room temperature. If the mask to do regularly 2-3 times a week, the skin will look radiant.
Infusion for pomp and hair growth
. A handful of leaves Brew 2 cups boiling water, leave for 1 hour. Rinse the hair after washing.
The use of black currant fruit inside during the summer not only rejuvenates the skin and gives shine to the hair, but also tones the entire body, allowing you to lose 2-3-5 years.
Try it and see for yourself.